**BACKGROUND: **Genome-wide association studies conducted on QRS duration, an electrocardiographic measurement associated with heart failure and sudden cardiac death, have led to novel biological insights into cardiac function. However, the variants identified fall predominantly in non-coding regions and their underlying mechanisms remain unclear.

**RESULTS: **Here, we identify putative functional coding variation associated with changes in the QRS interval duration by combining Illumina HumanExome BeadChip genotype data from 77,898 participants of European ancestry and 7695 of African descent in our discovery cohort, followed by replication in 111,874 individuals of European ancestry from the UK Biobank and deCODE cohorts. We identify ten novel loci, seven within coding regions, including ADAMTS6, significantly associated with QRS duration in gene-based analyses. ADAMTS6 encodes a secreted metalloprotease of currently unknown function. In vitro validation analysis shows that the QRS-associated variants lead to impaired ADAMTS6 secretion and loss-of function analysis in mice demonstrates a previously unappreciated role for ADAMTS6 in connexin 43 gap junction expression, which is essential for myocardial conduction.

**CONCLUSIONS: **Our approach identifies novel coding and non-coding variants underlying ventricular depolarization and provides a possible mechanism for the ADAMTS6-associated conduction changes.

High blood pressure is a highly heritable and modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We report the largest genetic association study of blood pressure traits (systolic, diastolic and pulse pressure) to date in over 1 million people of European ancestry. We identify 535 novel blood pressure loci that not only offer new biological insights into blood pressure regulation but also highlight shared genetic architecture between blood pressure and lifestyle exposures. Our findings identify new biological pathways for blood pressure regulation with potential for improved cardiovascular disease prevention in the future.

VL - 50 IS - 10 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30224653?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Genome Analyses of >200,000 Individuals Identify 58 Loci for Chronic Inflammation and Highlight Pathways that Link Inflammation and Complex Disorders. JF - Am J Hum Genet Y1 - 2018 A1 - Ligthart, Symen A1 - Vaez, Ahmad A1 - Võsa, Urmo A1 - Stathopoulou, Maria G A1 - de Vries, Paul S A1 - Prins, Bram P A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Tanaka, Toshiko A1 - Naderi, Elnaz A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Wu, Ying A1 - Karlsson, Robert A1 - Barbalic, Maja A1 - Lin, Honghuang A1 - Pool, René A1 - Zhu, Gu A1 - Macé, Aurélien A1 - Sidore, Carlo A1 - Trompet, Stella A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Sabater-Lleal, Maria A1 - Kemp, John P A1 - Abbasi, Ali A1 - Kacprowski, Tim A1 - Verweij, Niek A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Huang, Tao A1 - Marzi, Carola A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Lohman, Kurt K A1 - Kleber, Marcus E A1 - Milaneschi, Yuri A1 - Mueller, Christian A1 - Huq, Mahmudul A1 - Vlachopoulou, Efthymia A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Oldmeadow, Christopher A1 - Deelen, Joris A1 - Perola, Markus A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Feenstra, Bjarke A1 - Amini, Marzyeh A1 - Lahti, Jari A1 - Schraut, Katharina E A1 - Fornage, Myriam A1 - Suktitipat, Bhoom A1 - Chen, Wei-Min A1 - Li, Xiaohui A1 - Nutile, Teresa A1 - Malerba, Giovanni A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Bak, Tom A1 - Schork, Nicholas A1 - del Greco M, Fabiola A1 - Thiering, Elisabeth A1 - Mahajan, Anubha A1 - Marioni, Riccardo E A1 - Mihailov, Evelin A1 - Eriksson, Joel A1 - Ozel, Ayse Bilge A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Nethander, Maria A1 - Cheng, Yu-Ching A1 - Aslibekyan, Stella A1 - Ang, Wei A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Yengo, Loic A1 - Portas, Laura A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Hofer, Edith A1 - Rajan, Kumar B A1 - Schurmann, Claudia A1 - den Hollander, Wouter A1 - Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S A1 - Zhao, Jing A1 - Draisma, Harmen H M A1 - Ford, Ian A1 - Timpson, Nicholas A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Huang, Hongyan A1 - Wahl, Simone A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Huang, Jie A1 - Uh, Hae-Won A1 - Geller, Frank A1 - Joshi, Peter K A1 - Yanek, Lisa R A1 - Trabetti, Elisabetta A1 - Lehne, Benjamin A1 - Vozzi, Diego A1 - Verbanck, Marie A1 - Biino, Ginevra A1 - Saba, Yasaman A1 - Meulenbelt, Ingrid A1 - O'Connell, Jeff R A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Giulianini, Franco A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Ballantyne, Christie M A1 - Hottenga, Jouke Jan A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Rivadineira, Fernando A1 - Rueedi, Rico A1 - Steri, Maristella A1 - Herzig, Karl-Heinz A1 - Stott, David J A1 - Menni, Cristina A1 - Frånberg, Mattias A1 - St Pourcain, Beate A1 - Felix, Stephan B A1 - Pers, Tune H A1 - Bakker, Stephan J L A1 - Kraft, Peter A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Vaidya, Dhananjay A1 - Delgado, Graciela A1 - Smit, Johannes H A1 - Großmann, Vera A1 - Sinisalo, Juha A1 - Seppälä, Ilkka A1 - Williams, Stephen R A1 - Holliday, Elizabeth G A1 - Moed, Matthijs A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Räikkönen, Katri A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Sale, Michele M A1 - Chen, Yii-Der I A1 - James, Alan L A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Soranzo, Nicole A1 - Hartman, Catharina A A1 - Smith, Erin N A1 - Berenson, Gerald S A1 - Fuchsberger, Christian A1 - Hernandez, Dena A1 - Tiesler, Carla M T A1 - Giedraitis, Vilmantas A1 - Liewald, David A1 - Fischer, Krista A1 - Mellström, Dan A1 - Larsson, Anders A1 - Wang, Yunmei A1 - Scott, William R A1 - Lorentzon, Matthias A1 - Beilby, John A1 - Ryan, Kathleen A A1 - Pennell, Craig E A1 - Vuckovic, Dragana A1 - Balkau, Beverly A1 - Concas, Maria Pina A1 - Schmidt, Reinhold A1 - Mendes de Leon, Carlos F A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Kloppenburg, Margreet A1 - Paternoster, Lavinia A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - Musk, A W A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Evans, David M A1 - Madden, Pamela A F A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Zoledziewska, Magdalena A1 - Karhunen, Ville A1 - Kritchevsky, Stephen B A1 - Sattar, Naveed A1 - LaChance, Genevieve A1 - Clarke, Robert A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Attia, John R A1 - van Heemst, Diana A1 - Kajantie, Eero A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Gambaro, Giovanni A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Hicks, Andrew A A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Standl, Marie A1 - Lindgren, Cecilia M A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Karlsson, Magnus A1 - Lind, Lars A1 - Li, Jun Z A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Mori, Trevor A A1 - de Geus, Eco J C N A1 - Heath, Andrew C A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Auvinen, Juha A1 - Buckley, Brendan M A1 - de Craen, Anton J M A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Scott, Rodney J A1 - McEvoy, Mark A1 - Beekman, Marian A1 - Bombieri, Cristina A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Mohlke, Karen L A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Whitfield, John B A1 - Strachan, David P A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Cucca, Francesco A1 - Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta A1 - Jukema, J Wouter A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - Hamsten, Anders A1 - Zeller, Tanja A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Qi, Lu A1 - Grallert, Harald A1 - Borecki, Ingrid B A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - März, Winfried A1 - Wild, Philipp S A1 - Lokki, Marja-Liisa A1 - Boyle, Michael A1 - Salomaa, Veikko A1 - Melbye, Mads A1 - Eriksson, Johan G A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Penninx, Brenda W J H A1 - Becker, Diane M A1 - Worrall, Bradford B A1 - Gibson, Greg A1 - Krauss, Ronald M A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Zaza, Gianluigi A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Palmer, Lyle J A1 - Murray, Sarah S A1 - Pramstaller, Peter P A1 - Bandinelli, Stefania A1 - Heinrich, Joachim A1 - Ingelsson, Erik A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Vandenput, Liesbeth A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Desch, Karl C A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Ohlsson, Claes A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Shuldiner, Alan R A1 - Arnett, Donna K A1 - Beilin, Lawrence J A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Froguel, Philippe A1 - Pirastu, Mario A1 - Jess, Tine A1 - Koenig, Wolfgang A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Evans, Denis A A1 - Schmidt, Helena A1 - Smith, George Davey A1 - Slagboom, P Eline A1 - Eiriksdottir, Gudny A1 - Morris, Andrew P A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Tracy, Russell P A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Visvikis-Siest, Sophie A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Gross, Myron A1 - Bis, Joshua C A1 - Franke, Lude A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Benjamin, Emelia J A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Dupuis, Josée A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Dehghan, Abbas A1 - Alizadeh, Behrooz Z AB -C-reactive protein (CRP) is a sensitive biomarker of chronic low-grade inflammation and is associated with multiple complex diseases. The genetic determinants of chronic inflammation remain largely unknown, and the causal role of CRP in several clinical outcomes is debated. We performed two genome-wide association studies (GWASs), on HapMap and 1000 Genomes imputed data, of circulating amounts of CRP by using data from 88 studies comprising 204,402 European individuals. Additionally, we performed in silico functional analyses and Mendelian randomization analyses with several clinical outcomes. The GWAS meta-analyses of CRP revealed 58 distinct genetic loci (p < 5 × 10). After adjustment for body mass index in the regression analysis, the associations at all except three loci remained. The lead variants at the distinct loci explained up to 7.0% of the variance in circulating amounts of CRP. We identified 66 gene sets that were organized in two substantially correlated clusters, one mainly composed of immune pathways and the other characterized by metabolic pathways in the liver. Mendelian randomization analyses revealed a causal protective effect of CRP on schizophrenia and a risk-increasing effect on bipolar disorder. Our findings provide further insights into the biology of inflammation and could lead to interventions for treating inflammation and its clinical consequences.

VL - 103 IS - 5 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30388399?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Genome-wide association meta-analysis of individuals of European ancestry identifies new loci explaining a substantial fraction of hair color variation and heritability. JF - Nat Genet Y1 - 2018 A1 - Hysi, Pirro G A1 - Valdes, Ana M A1 - Liu, Fan A1 - Furlotte, Nicholas A A1 - Evans, David M A1 - Bataille, Veronique A1 - Visconti, Alessia A1 - Hemani, Gibran A1 - McMahon, George A1 - Ring, Susan M A1 - Smith, George Davey A1 - Duffy, David L A1 - Zhu, Gu A1 - Gordon, Scott D A1 - Medland, Sarah E A1 - Lin, Bochao D A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Jan Hottenga, Jouke A1 - Vuckovic, Dragana A1 - Girotto, Giorgia A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Concas, Maria Pina A1 - Brumat, Marco A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Cocca, Massimiliano A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Yazar, Seyhan A1 - Hewitt, Alex W A1 - Chen, Yan A1 - Zeng, Changqing A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Ikram, M Arfan A1 - Hamer, Merel A A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Nijsten, Tamar A1 - Mackey, David A A1 - Falchi, Mario A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Hinds, David A A1 - Kayser, Manfred A1 - Spector, Timothy D AB -Hair color is one of the most recognizable visual traits in European populations and is under strong genetic control. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study meta-analysis of almost 300,000 participants of European descent. We identified 123 autosomal and one X-chromosome loci significantly associated with hair color; all but 13 are novel. Collectively, single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with hair color within these loci explain 34.6% of red hair, 24.8% of blond hair, and 26.1% of black hair heritability in the study populations. These results confirm the polygenic nature of complex phenotypes and improve our understanding of melanin pigment metabolism in humans.

VL - 50 IS - 5 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29662168?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A genome-wide association study identifies an association between variants in EFCAB4B gene and periodontal disease in an Italian isolated population. JF - J Periodontal Res Y1 - 2018 A1 - Bevilacqua, Lorenzo A1 - Navarra, Chiara O A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Lenarda, Roberto Di A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Robino, Antonietta KW - Adolescent KW - Adult KW - Aged KW - Aged, 80 and over KW - Calcium-Binding Proteins KW - Chronic Periodontitis KW - DNA KW - Female KW - Genetic Predisposition to Disease KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Genotype KW - Humans KW - Italy KW - Male KW - Middle Aged KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Regression Analysis KW - Young Adult AB -**BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: **Periodontitis in one of the most prevalent dental diseases. Despite numerous studies have investigated its aetiopathogenetic factors, few works have focused on its genetic predisposition and most of them took into account only candidate genes. Therefore, we conducted a Genome Wide Association Study in an Italian isolated population aimed at uncovering genetic variants that predispose to this disorder.

**METHODS: **Diagnosis of chronic periodontitis was made following the criteria of the American Academy of Periodontology. Patients with chronic periodontitis were grouped into different categories: slight, severe, localized and generalized. A control group composed by people without signs of periodontitis or gingivitis was defined. DNA was genotyped using 370k Illumina chips. Linear mixed model regression was used to test the association between each single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (independent variable) and the periodontitis status (dependent variable), controlling for confounders sex, age and smoking. The genomic kinship matrix was also used as random effect.

**RESULTS: **Four SNPs on the gene EFCAB4B resulted significantly associated to localized periodontitis (P < 5 × 10 ), with the best hit on the rs242016 SNP (P = 1.5 × 10 ).

**CONCLUSION: **We have identified a novel significant association between the EFCAB4B gene and localized periodontitis. These results open a new perspective in the understanding of genetic factors contributing to this common disorder.

In this work we investigated, in populations located in Central Asia, the relationship between PROP taste perception and vegetables liking and consumption using FAOSTAT dataset. Collected data were analysed using distance matrices, Mantel test and Pearson correlation. Populations showing similar ability in tasting PROP bitterness are more similar as respect to vegetable consumption (r = 0.63, p-value = .05). Moreover, a significant negative correlation was found between the percentage of Non Taster (NT) in different countries and the percentage of vegetable consumption (r = -0.87, p-value = .02), while a significant positive correlation emerged between the percentage of Super Taster (ST) and the percentage of vegetable liking (r = 0.87, p-value = .02). In our work we showed that differences in bitter perception among populations contributes to differences in vegetable liking and vegetable consumption. More in detail, populations with higher percentage of ST consume more vegetables than population where the majority of individuals are NT.

U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30304964?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Joint Data Analysis in Nutritional Epidemiology: Identification of Observational Studies and Minimal Requirements. JF - J Nutr Y1 - 2018 A1 - Pinart, Mariona A1 - Nimptsch, Katharina A1 - Bouwman, Jildau A1 - Dragsted, Lars O A1 - Yang, Chen A1 - De Cock, Nathalie A1 - Lachat, Carl A1 - Perozzi, Giuditta A1 - Canali, Raffaella A1 - Lombardo, Rosario A1 - D'Archivio, Massimo A1 - Guillaume, Michèle A1 - Donneau, Anne-Françoise A1 - Jeran, Stephanie A1 - Linseisen, Jakob A1 - Kleiser, Christina A1 - Nöthlings, Ute A1 - Barbaresko, Janett A1 - Boeing, Heiner A1 - Stelmach-Mardas, Marta A1 - Heuer, Thorsten A1 - Laird, Eamon A1 - Walton, Janette A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Castaño, Luis A1 - Rojo-Martínez, Gemma A1 - Merino, Jordi A1 - Masana, Luis A1 - Standl, Marie A1 - Schulz, Holger A1 - Biagi, Elena A1 - Nurk, Eha A1 - Matthys, Christophe A1 - Gobbetti, Marco A1 - de Angelis, Maria A1 - Windler, Eberhard A1 - Zyriax, Birgit-Christiane A1 - Tafforeau, Jean A1 - Pischon, Tobias KW - Adult KW - Biomarkers KW - Blood Glucose KW - Case-Control Studies KW - Child KW - Chronic Disease KW - Cohort Studies KW - Cross-Sectional Studies KW - Diet KW - Epidemiology KW - Europe KW - Genomics KW - Health Status KW - Humans KW - Inflammation KW - Insulin KW - Life Style KW - Lipoproteins KW - Longitudinal Studies KW - Metabolomics KW - Nutritional Status KW - Observational Studies as Topic KW - Statistics as Topic AB -**Background: **Joint data analysis from multiple nutrition studies may improve the ability to answer complex questions regarding the role of nutritional status and diet in health and disease.

**Objective: **The objective was to identify nutritional observational studies from partners participating in the European Nutritional Phenotype Assessment and Data Sharing Initiative (ENPADASI) Consortium, as well as minimal requirements for joint data analysis.

**Methods: **A predefined template containing information on study design, exposure measurements (dietary intake, alcohol and tobacco consumption, physical activity, sedentary behavior, anthropometric measures, and sociodemographic and health status), main health-related outcomes, and laboratory measurements (traditional and omics biomarkers) was developed and circulated to those European research groups participating in the ENPADASI under the strategic research area of "diet-related chronic diseases." Information about raw data disposition and metadata sharing was requested. A set of minimal requirements was abstracted from the gathered information.

**Results: **Studies (12 cohort, 12 cross-sectional, and 2 case-control) were identified. Two studies recruited children only and the rest recruited adults. All studies included dietary intake data. Twenty studies collected blood samples. Data on traditional biomarkers were available for 20 studies, of which 17 measured lipoproteins, glucose, and insulin and 13 measured inflammatory biomarkers. Metabolomics, proteomics, and genomics or transcriptomics data were available in 5, 3, and 12 studies, respectively. Although the study authors were willing to share metadata, most refused, were hesitant, or had legal or ethical issues related to sharing raw data. Forty-one descriptors of minimal requirements for the study data were identified to facilitate data integration.

**Conclusions: **Combining study data sets will enable sufficiently powered, refined investigations to increase the knowledge and understanding of the relation between food, nutrition, and human health. Furthermore, the minimal requirements for study data may encourage more efficient secondary usage of existing data and provide sufficient information for researchers to draft future multicenter research proposals in nutrition.

Genome-wide association analysis advanced understanding of blood pressure (BP), a major risk factor for vascular conditions such as coronary heart disease and stroke. Accounting for smoking behavior may help identify BP loci and extend our knowledge of its genetic architecture. We performed genome-wide association meta-analyses of systolic and diastolic BP incorporating gene-smoking interactions in 610,091 individuals. Stage 1 analysis examined ∼18.8 million SNPs and small insertion/deletion variants in 129,913 individuals from four ancestries (European, African, Asian, and Hispanic) with follow-up analysis of promising variants in 480,178 additional individuals from five ancestries. We identified 15 loci that were genome-wide significant (p < 5 × 10) in stage 1 and formally replicated in stage 2. A combined stage 1 and 2 meta-analysis identified 66 additional genome-wide significant loci (13, 35, and 18 loci in European, African, and trans-ancestry, respectively). A total of 56 known BP loci were also identified by our results (p < 5 × 10). Of the newly identified loci, ten showed significant interaction with smoking status, but none of them were replicated in stage 2. Several loci were identified in African ancestry, highlighting the importance of genetic studies in diverse populations. The identified loci show strong evidence for regulatory features and support shared pathophysiology with cardiometabolic and addiction traits. They also highlight a role in BP regulation for biological candidates such as modulators of vascular structure and function (CDKN1B, BCAR1-CFDP1, PXDN, EEA1), ciliopathies (SDCCAG8, RPGRIP1L), telomere maintenance (TNKS, PINX1, AKTIP), and central dopaminergic signaling (MSRA, EBF2).

VL - 102 IS - 3 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29455858?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Novel genetic associations for blood pressure identified via gene-alcohol interaction in up to 570K individuals across multiple ancestries. JF - PLoS One Y1 - 2018 A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Kraja, Aldi T A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Sung, Yun J A1 - Winkler, Thomas W A1 - Ntalla, Ioanna A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Cheng, Ching-Yu A1 - Sim, Xueling A1 - Vojinovic, Dina A1 - Marten, Jonathan A1 - Musani, Solomon K A1 - Li, Changwei A1 - Bentley, Amy R A1 - Brown, Michael R A1 - Schwander, Karen A1 - Richard, Melissa A A1 - Noordam, Raymond A1 - Aschard, Hugues A1 - Bartz, Traci M A1 - Bielak, Lawrence F A1 - Dorajoo, Rajkumar A1 - Fisher, Virginia A1 - Hartwig, Fernando P A1 - Horimoto, Andrea R V R A1 - Lohman, Kurt K A1 - Manning, Alisa K A1 - Rankinen, Tuomo A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Tajuddin, Salman M A1 - Wojczynski, Mary K A1 - Alver, Maris A1 - Boissel, Mathilde A1 - Cai, Qiuyin A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Chai, Jin Fang A1 - Chen, Xu A1 - Divers, Jasmin A1 - Gao, Chuan A1 - Goel, Anuj A1 - Hagemeijer, Yanick A1 - Harris, Sarah E A1 - He, Meian A1 - Hsu, Fang-Chi A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kasturiratne, Anuradhani A1 - Komulainen, Pirjo A1 - Kuhnel, Brigitte A1 - Laguzzi, Federica A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Matoba, Nana A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Riaz, Muhammad A1 - Rueedi, Rico A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Said, M Abdullah A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Sofer, Tamar A1 - Stančáková, Alena A1 - Takeuchi, Fumihiko A1 - Tayo, Bamidele O A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Varga, Tibor V A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Wang, Yajuan A1 - Ware, Erin B A1 - Warren, Helen R A1 - Weiss, Stefan A1 - Wen, Wanqing A1 - Yanek, Lisa R A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Afaq, Saima A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Amini, Marzyeh A1 - Arking, Dan E A1 - Aung, Tin A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Borecki, Ingrid A1 - Broeckel, Ulrich A1 - Brown, Morris A1 - Brumat, Marco A1 - Burke, Gregory L A1 - Canouil, Mickaël A1 - Chakravarti, Aravinda A1 - Charumathi, Sabanayagam A1 - Ida Chen, Yii-Der A1 - Connell, John M A1 - Correa, Adolfo A1 - de Las Fuentes, Lisa A1 - de Mutsert, Renée A1 - de Silva, H Janaka A1 - Deng, Xuan A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Duan, Qing A1 - Eaton, Charles B A1 - Ehret, Georg A1 - Eppinga, Ruben N A1 - Evangelou, Evangelos A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Felix, Stephan B A1 - Forouhi, Nita G A1 - Forrester, Terrence A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Friedlander, Yechiel A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Gao, He A1 - Ghanbari, Mohsen A1 - Gigante, Bruna A1 - Gu, C Charles A1 - Gu, Dongfeng A1 - Hagenaars, Saskia P A1 - Hallmans, Goran A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - He, Jiang A1 - Heikkinen, Sami A1 - Heng, Chew-Kiat A1 - Hirata, Makoto A1 - Howard, Barbara V A1 - Ikram, M Arfan A1 - John, Ulrich A1 - Katsuya, Tomohiro A1 - Khor, Chiea Chuen A1 - Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O A1 - Koh, Woon-Puay A1 - Krieger, Jose E A1 - Kritchevsky, Stephen B A1 - Kubo, Michiaki A1 - Kuusisto, Johanna A1 - Lakka, Timo A A1 - Langefeld, Carl D A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lehne, Benjamin A1 - Lewis, Cora E A1 - Li, Yize A1 - Lin, Shiow A1 - Liu, Jianjun A1 - Liu, Jingmin A1 - Loh, Marie A1 - Louie, Tin A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - McKenzie, Colin A A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Milaneschi, Yuri A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Mohlke, Karen L A1 - Momozawa, Yukihide A1 - Nalls, Mike A A1 - Nelson, Christopher P A1 - Sotoodehnia, Nona A1 - Norris, Jill M A1 - O'Connell, Jeff R A1 - Palmer, Nicholette D A1 - Perls, Thomas A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Peyser, Patricia A A1 - Poulter, Neil A1 - Raffel, Leslie J A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Roll, Kathryn A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Rosendaal, Frits R A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Schmidt, Carsten O A1 - Schreiner, Pamela J A1 - Schupf, Nicole A1 - Scott, William R A1 - Sever, Peter S A1 - Shi, Yuan A1 - Sidney, Stephen A1 - Sims, Mario A1 - Sitlani, Colleen M A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Stringham, Heather M A1 - Tan, Nicholas Y Q A1 - Tang, Hua A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Teo, Yik Ying A1 - Tham, Yih Chung A1 - Turner, Stephen T A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Wang, Lihua A1 - Wang, Ya Xing A1 - Wei, Wen Bin A1 - Williams, Christine A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Yu, Caizheng A1 - Yuan, Jian-Min A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Zonderman, Alan B A1 - Becker, Diane M A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - Bowden, Donald W A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Farrall, Martin A1 - Franks, Paul W A1 - Freedman, Barry I A1 - Froguel, Philippe A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Jonas, Jost Bruno A1 - Kamatani, Yoichiro A1 - Kato, Norihiro A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Laurie, Cathy C A1 - Leander, Karin A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Study, Lifelines Cohort A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Penninx, Brenda W J H A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Porteous, David J A1 - Rauramaa, Rainer A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Scott, James A1 - Shu, Xiao-Ou A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Wagenknecht, Lynne E A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Watkins, Hugh A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Wickremasinghe, Ananda R A1 - Wu, Tangchun A1 - Zheng, Wei A1 - Bouchard, Claude A1 - Christensen, Kaare A1 - Evans, Michele K A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Horta, Bernardo L A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Pereira, Alexandre C A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - van Dam, Rob M A1 - Gauderman, W James A1 - Zhu, Xiaofeng A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Fornage, Myriam A1 - Rotimi, Charles N A1 - Cupples, L Adrienne A1 - Kelly, Tanika N A1 - Fox, Ervin R A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Tai, E Shyong A1 - Wong, Tien Yin A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Palmas, Walter A1 - Rice, Kenneth A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Elliott, Paul A1 - Caulfield, Mark J A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Rao, Dabeeru C A1 - Province, Michael A A1 - Levy, Daniel KW - Adolescent KW - Adult KW - Aged KW - Aged, 80 and over KW - Alcohol Drinking KW - Blood Pressure KW - Cohort Studies KW - Continental Population Groups KW - Female KW - Gene-Environment Interaction KW - Genetic Predisposition to Disease KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Humans KW - Hypertension KW - Male KW - Middle Aged KW - Pedigree KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Young Adult AB -Heavy alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for hypertension; the mechanism by which alcohol consumption impact blood pressure (BP) regulation remains unknown. We hypothesized that a genome-wide association study accounting for gene-alcohol consumption interaction for BP might identify additional BP loci and contribute to the understanding of alcohol-related BP regulation. We conducted a large two-stage investigation incorporating joint testing of main genetic effects and single nucleotide variant (SNV)-alcohol consumption interactions. In Stage 1, genome-wide discovery meta-analyses in ≈131K individuals across several ancestry groups yielded 3,514 SNVs (245 loci) with suggestive evidence of association (P < 1.0 x 10-5). In Stage 2, these SNVs were tested for independent external replication in ≈440K individuals across multiple ancestries. We identified and replicated (at Bonferroni correction threshold) five novel BP loci (380 SNVs in 21 genes) and 49 previously reported BP loci (2,159 SNVs in 109 genes) in European ancestry, and in multi-ancestry meta-analyses (P < 5.0 x 10-8). For African ancestry samples, we detected 18 potentially novel BP loci (P < 5.0 x 10-8) in Stage 1 that warrant further replication. Additionally, correlated meta-analysis identified eight novel BP loci (11 genes). Several genes in these loci (e.g., PINX1, GATA4, BLK, FTO and GABBR2) have been previously reported to be associated with alcohol consumption. These findings provide insights into the role of alcohol consumption in the genetic architecture of hypertension.

VL - 13 IS - 6 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29912962?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - PR interval genome-wide association meta-analysis identifies 50 loci associated with atrial and atrioventricular electrical activity. JF - Nat Commun Y1 - 2018 A1 - van Setten, Jessica A1 - Brody, Jennifer A A1 - Jamshidi, Yalda A1 - Swenson, Brenton R A1 - Butler, Anne M A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Del Greco, Fabiola M A1 - Evans, Daniel S A1 - Gibson, Quince A1 - Gudbjartsson, Daniel F A1 - Kerr, Kathleen F A1 - Krijthe, Bouwe P A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Müller, Christian A1 - Müller-Nurasyid, Martina A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Ritchie, Marylyn D A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Steri, Maristella A1 - Tanaka, Toshiko A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Trompet, Stella A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Verweij, Niek A1 - Yin, Xiaoyan A1 - Arnar, David O A1 - Asselbergs, Folkert W A1 - Bader, Joel S A1 - Barnard, John A1 - Bis, Josh A1 - Blankenberg, Stefan A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Bradford, Yuki A1 - Buckley, Brendan M A1 - Chung, Mina K A1 - Crawford, Dana A1 - den Hoed, Marcel A1 - Denny, Josh C A1 - Dominiczak, Anna F A1 - Ehret, Georg B A1 - Eijgelsheim, Mark A1 - Ellinor, Patrick T A1 - Felix, Stephan B A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Franke, Lude A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Holm, Hilma A1 - Ilaria, Gandin A1 - Iorio, Annamaria A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Kors, Jan A A1 - Lakatta, Edward G A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lin, Honghuang A1 - Lin, Henry J A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Lubitz, Steven A A1 - Macfarlane, Peter W A1 - Magnani, Jared W A1 - Leach, Irene Mateo A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Mitchell, Braxton D A1 - Munzel, Thomas A1 - Papanicolaou, George J A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Pfeufer, Arne A1 - Pramstaller, Peter P A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Schlessinger, David A1 - Silva Aldana, Claudia T A1 - Sinner, Moritz F A1 - Smith, Jonathan D A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Soliman, Elsayed Z A1 - Spector, Timothy D A1 - Stott, David J A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Tarasov, Kirill V A1 - Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Van Wagoner, David R A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Jan Westra, Harm A1 - Wild, Philipp S A1 - Zeller, Tanja A1 - Alonso, Alvaro A1 - Avery, Christy L A1 - Bandinelli, Stefania A1 - Benjamin, Emelia J A1 - Cucca, Francesco A1 - Dörr, Marcus A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Heckbert, Susan R A1 - Hicks, Andrew A A1 - Jukema, J Wouter A1 - Kääb, Stefan A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Parsa, Afshin A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Roden, Dan M A1 - Schnabel, Renate B A1 - Sinagra, Gianfranco A1 - Stefansson, Kari A1 - Stricker, Bruno H A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Gharib, Sina A A1 - de Bakker, Paul I W A1 - Isaacs, Aaron A1 - Arking, Dan E A1 - Sotoodehnia, Nona KW - Atrial Function KW - Atrioventricular Node KW - Electrocardiography KW - Electrophysiological Phenomena KW - Female KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Humans KW - Linkage Disequilibrium KW - Male KW - Mutation, Missense KW - Risk Factors AB -Electrocardiographic PR interval measures atrio-ventricular depolarization and conduction, and abnormal PR interval is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation and heart block. Our genome-wide association study of over 92,000 European-descent individuals identifies 44 PR interval loci (34 novel). Examination of these loci reveals known and previously not-yet-reported biological processes involved in cardiac atrial electrical activity. Genes in these loci are over-represented in cardiac disease processes including heart block and atrial fibrillation. Variants in over half of the 44 loci were associated with atrial or blood transcript expression levels, or were in high linkage disequilibrium with missense variants. Six additional loci were identified either by meta-analysis of ~105,000 African and European-descent individuals and/or by pleiotropic analyses combining PR interval with heart rate, QRS interval, and atrial fibrillation. These findings implicate developmental pathways, and identify transcription factors, ion-channel genes, and cell-junction/cell-signaling proteins in atrio-ventricular conduction, identifying potential targets for drug development.

VL - 9 IS - 1 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30046033?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - 1000 Genomes-based meta-analysis identifies 10 novel loci for kidney function. JF - Sci Rep Y1 - 2017 A1 - Gorski, Mathias A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Chu, Audrey Y A1 - Li, Man A1 - Mijatovic, Vladan A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Cocca, Massimiliano A1 - Taliun, Daniel A1 - Gomez, Felicia A1 - Li, Yong A1 - Tayo, Bamidele A1 - Tin, Adrienne A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Aspelund, Thor A1 - Attia, John A1 - Biffar, Reiner A1 - Bochud, Murielle A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Borecki, Ingrid A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Chen, Ming-Huei A1 - Chouraki, Vincent A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Coresh, Josef A1 - Cornelis, Marilyn C A1 - Curhan, Gary C A1 - d'Adamo, Adamo Pio A1 - Dehghan, Abbas A1 - Dengler, Laura A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Eiriksdottir, Gudny A1 - Endlich, Karlhans A1 - Enroth, Stefan A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Girotto, Giorgia A1 - Gottesman, Omri A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Gyllensten, Ulf A1 - Hancock, Stephen J A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Helmer, Catherine A1 - Höllerer, Simon A1 - Hofer, Edith A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Holliday, Elizabeth G A1 - Homuth, Georg A1 - Hu, Frank B A1 - Huth, Cornelia A1 - Hutri-Kähönen, Nina A1 - Hwang, Shih-Jen A1 - Imboden, Medea A1 - Johansson, Åsa A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - König, Wolfgang A1 - Kramer, Holly A1 - Krämer, Bernhard K A1 - Kumar, Ashish A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Lambert, Jean-Charles A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - de Borst, Martin A1 - Navis, Gerjan A1 - Swertz, Morris A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Lohman, Kurt A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - McEvoy, Mark A A1 - Meisinger, Christa A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Metzger, Marie A1 - Mihailov, Evelin A1 - Mitchell, Paul A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Olden, Matthias A1 - Wjh Penninx, Brenda A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Pramstaller, Peter P A1 - Probst-Hensch, Nicole A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Rettig, Rainer A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rosas, Sylvia E A1 - Ruderfer, Douglas A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Saba, Yasaman A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Schmidt, Helena A1 - Schmidt, Reinhold A1 - Scott, Rodney J A1 - Sedaghat, Sanaz A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Stengel, Bénédicte A1 - Stracke, Sylvia A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Viikari, Jorma S A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Vuckovic, Dragana A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Jin Wang, Jie A1 - Yang, Qiong A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Tromp, Gerard A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Heid, Iris M A1 - Fox, Caroline S A1 - Köttgen, Anna A1 - Pattaro, Cristian A1 - Böger, Carsten A A1 - Fuchsberger, Christian KW - Computational Biology KW - Gene Frequency KW - Genetic Loci KW - Genome, Human KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Genotyping Techniques KW - Humans KW - Kidney KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide AB -HapMap imputed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed >50 loci at which common variants with minor allele frequency >5% are associated with kidney function. GWAS using more complete reference sets for imputation, such as those from The 1000 Genomes project, promise to identify novel loci that have been missed by previous efforts. To investigate the value of such a more complete variant catalog, we conducted a GWAS meta-analysis of kidney function based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in 110,517 European ancestry participants using 1000 Genomes imputed data. We identified 10 novel loci with p-value < 5 × 10 previously missed by HapMap-based GWAS. Six of these loci (HOXD8, ARL15, PIK3R1, EYA4, ASTN2, and EPB41L3) are tagged by common SNPs unique to the 1000 Genomes reference panel. Using pathway analysis, we identified 39 significant (FDR < 0.05) genes and 127 significantly (FDR < 0.05) enriched gene sets, which were missed by our previous analyses. Among those, the 10 identified novel genes are part of pathways of kidney development, carbohydrate metabolism, cardiac septum development and glucose metabolism. These results highlight the utility of re-imputing from denser reference panels, until whole-genome sequencing becomes feasible in large samples.

VL - 7 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28452372?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - and Loci Identified through Large-Scale Exome Chip Analysis Regulate Kidney Development and Function. JF - J Am Soc Nephrol Y1 - 2017 A1 - Li, Man A1 - Li, Yong A1 - Weeks, Olivia A1 - Mijatovic, Vladan A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Huffman, Jennifer E A1 - Tromp, Gerard A1 - Fuchsberger, Christian A1 - Gorski, Mathias A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Nutile, Teresa A1 - Sedaghat, Sanaz A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Tin, Adrienne A1 - Yang, Qiong A1 - Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S A1 - Arking, Dan E A1 - Bihlmeyer, Nathan A A1 - Böger, Carsten A A1 - Carroll, Robert J A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Cornelis, Marilyn C A1 - Dehghan, Abbas A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Gambaro, Giovanni A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Giulianini, Franco A1 - Heid, Iris A1 - Huang, Jinyan A1 - Imboden, Medea A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Jeff, Janina A1 - Jhun, Min A A1 - Katz, Ronit A1 - Kifley, Annette A1 - Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O A1 - Kumar, Ashish A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Li-Gao, Ruifang A1 - Lohman, Kurt A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Malerba, Giovanni A1 - Mihailov, Evelin A1 - Mohlke, Karen L A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Ruderfer, Douglas A1 - Salvi, Erika A1 - Schick, Ursula M A1 - Schulz, Christina-Alexandra A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Goodarzi, Mark O A1 - Kraja, Aldi T A1 - Liu, Chunyu A1 - Wessel, Jennifer A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Borecki, Ingrid B A1 - Bork-Jensen, Jette A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Braga, Daniele A1 - Brandslund, Ivan A1 - Brody, Jennifer A A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Carey, David J A1 - Christensen, Cramer A1 - Coresh, Josef A1 - Crook, Errol A1 - Curhan, Gary C A1 - Cusi, Daniele A1 - de Boer, Ian H A1 - de Vries, Aiko P J A1 - Denny, Joshua C A1 - Devuyst, Olivier A1 - Dreisbach, Albert W A1 - Endlich, Karlhans A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Fulop, Tibor A1 - Gerhard, Glenn S A1 - Glümer, Charlotte A1 - Gottesman, Omri A1 - Grarup, Niels A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Hansen, Torben A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Hocking, Lynne A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Hu, Frank B A1 - Husemoen, Lise Lotte N A1 - Jackson, Rebecca D A1 - Jørgensen, Torben A1 - Jørgensen, Marit E A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - König, Wolfgang A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Kriebel, Jennifer A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lauritzen, Torsten A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Levy, Daniel A1 - Linksted, Pamela A1 - Linneberg, Allan A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Lupo, Antonio A1 - Meisinger, Christine A1 - Melander, Olle A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Mitchell, Paul A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Nürnberg, Peter A1 - Orho-Melander, Marju A1 - Parsa, Afshin A1 - Pedersen, Oluf A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Peters, Ulrike A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Porteous, David A1 - Probst-Hensch, Nicole M A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Qi, Lu A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Rettig, Rainer A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Rossouw, Jacques E A1 - Schmidt, Frank A1 - Siscovick, David A1 - Soranzo, Nicole A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Turner, Stephen T A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Velayutham, Dinesh A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Wang, Jie Jin A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Witte, Daniel A1 - Kuivaniemi, Helena A1 - Fox, Caroline S A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Goessling, Wolfram A1 - Köttgen, Anna A1 - Chu, Audrey Y KW - Animals KW - Exome KW - Genetic Loci KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Glomerular Filtration Rate KW - Humans KW - Kidney KW - Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases KW - Proto-Oncogene Proteins KW - Son of Sevenless Proteins KW - Zebrafish AB -Genome-wide association studies have identified >50 common variants associated with kidney function, but these variants do not fully explain the variation in eGFR. We performed a two-stage meta-analysis of associations between genotypes from the Illumina exome array and eGFR on the basis of serum creatinine (eGFRcrea) among participants of European ancestry from the CKDGen Consortium (: 111,666; : 48,343). In single-variant analyses, we identified single nucleotide polymorphisms at seven new loci associated with eGFRcrea (, , and ; <3.7×10), of which most were common and annotated as nonsynonymous variants. Gene-based analysis identified associations of functional rare variants in three genes with eGFRcrea, including a novel association with the SOS Ras/Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 gene, (=5.4×10 by sequence kernel association test). Experimental follow-up in zebrafish embryos revealed changes in glomerular gene expression and renal tubule morphology in the embryonic kidney of and -knockdowns. These developmental abnormalities associated with altered blood clearance rate and heightened prevalence of edema. This study expands the number of loci associated with kidney function and identifies novel genes with potential roles in kidney formation.

VL - 28 IS - 3 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27920155?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Genomic analyses identify hundreds of variants associated with age at menarche and support a role for puberty timing in cancer risk. JF - Nat Genet Y1 - 2017 A1 - Day, Felix R A1 - Thompson, Deborah J A1 - Helgason, Hannes A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Finucane, Hilary A1 - Sulem, Patrick A1 - Ruth, Katherine S A1 - Whalen, Sean A1 - Sarkar, Abhishek K A1 - Albrecht, Eva A1 - Altmaier, Elisabeth A1 - Amini, Marzyeh A1 - Barbieri, Caterina M A1 - Boutin, Thibaud A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Demerath, Ellen A1 - Giri, Ayush A1 - He, Chunyan A1 - Hottenga, Jouke J A1 - Karlsson, Robert A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Loh, Po-Ru A1 - Lunetta, Kathryn L A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Marco, Brumat A1 - McMahon, George A1 - Medland, Sarah E A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Noordam, Raymond A1 - Nutile, Teresa A1 - Paternoster, Lavinia A1 - Perjakova, Natalia A1 - Porcu, Eleonora A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Schraut, Katharina E A1 - Segrè, Ayellet V A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Stolk, Lisette A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Andrulis, Irene L A1 - Bandinelli, Stefania A1 - Beckmann, Matthias W A1 - Benitez, Javier A1 - Bergmann, Sven A1 - Bochud, Murielle A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Bojesen, Stig E A1 - Bolla, Manjeet K A1 - Brand, Judith S A1 - Brauch, Hiltrud A1 - Brenner, Hermann A1 - Broer, Linda A1 - Brüning, Thomas A1 - Buring, Julie E A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Catamo, Eulalia A1 - Chanock, Stephen A1 - Chenevix-Trench, Georgia A1 - Corre, Tanguy A1 - Couch, Fergus J A1 - Cousminer, Diana L A1 - Cox, Angela A1 - Crisponi, Laura A1 - Czene, Kamila A1 - Davey Smith, George A1 - de Geus, Eco J C N A1 - de Mutsert, Renée A1 - De Vivo, Immaculata A1 - Dennis, Joe A1 - Devilee, Peter A1 - Dos-Santos-Silva, Isabel A1 - Dunning, Alison M A1 - Eriksson, Johan G A1 - Fasching, Peter A A1 - Fernández-Rhodes, Lindsay A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Flesch-Janys, Dieter A1 - Franke, Lude A1 - Gabrielson, Marike A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Giles, Graham G A1 - Grallert, Harald A1 - Gudbjartsson, Daniel F A1 - Guenel, Pascal A1 - Hall, Per A1 - Hallberg, Emily A1 - Hamann, Ute A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Hartman, Catharina A A1 - Heiss, Gerardo A1 - Hooning, Maartje J A1 - Hopper, John L A1 - Hu, Frank A1 - Hunter, David J A1 - Ikram, M Arfan A1 - Im, Hae Kyung A1 - Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta A1 - Joshi, Peter K A1 - Karasik, David A1 - Kellis, Manolis A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - LaChance, Genevieve A1 - Lambrechts, Diether A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Laven, Joop S E A1 - Lenarduzzi, Stefania A1 - Li, Jingmei A1 - Lind, Penelope A A1 - Lindström, Sara A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Mannermaa, Arto A1 - Mbarek, Hamdi A1 - McCarthy, Mark I A1 - Meisinger, Christa A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Menni, Cristina A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Michailidou, Kyriaki A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Milne, Roger L A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Mulligan, Anna M A1 - Nalls, Mike A A1 - Navarro, Pau A1 - Nevanlinna, Heli A1 - Nyholt, Dale R A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - O'Mara, Tracy A A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Palotie, Aarno A1 - Pedersen, Nancy A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Peto, Julian A1 - Pharoah, Paul D P A1 - Pouta, Anneli A1 - Radice, Paolo A1 - Rahman, Iffat A1 - Ring, Susan M A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rosendaal, Frits R A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Rueedi, Rico A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Sala, Cinzia F A1 - Schmidt, Marjanka K A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Shah, Mitul A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Southey, Melissa C A1 - Sovio, Ulla A1 - Stampfer, Meir A1 - Steri, Maristella A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Tanaka, Toshiko A1 - Tikkanen, Emmi A1 - Timpson, Nicholas J A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Truong, Therese A1 - Tyrer, Jonathan P A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Edwards, Digna R Velez A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Wang, Qin A1 - Widen, Elisabeth A1 - van Dijk, Ko Willems A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Winqvist, Robert A1 - Wolffenbuttel, Bruce H R A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Zoledziewska, Magdalena A1 - Zygmunt, Marek A1 - Alizadeh, Behrooz Z A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Cucca, Francesco A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Kraft, Peter A1 - Lawlor, Debbie A A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Nohr, Ellen A A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Porteous, David A1 - Price, Alkes L A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - Stöckl, Doris A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Visser, Jenny A A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Spurdle, Amanda B A1 - Thorsteindottir, Unnur A1 - Pollard, Katherine S A1 - Easton, Douglas F A1 - Tung, Joyce Y A1 - Chang-Claude, Jenny A1 - Hinds, David A1 - Murray, Anna A1 - Murabito, Joanne M A1 - Stefansson, Kari A1 - Ong, Ken K A1 - Perry, John R B KW - Adolescent KW - Age Factors KW - Body Mass Index KW - Databases, Genetic KW - Female KW - Genetic Predisposition to Disease KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Genomic Imprinting KW - Humans KW - Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins KW - Male KW - Membrane Proteins KW - Menarche KW - Neoplasms KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Puberty KW - Quantitative Trait Loci KW - Ribonucleoproteins KW - Risk Factors AB -The timing of puberty is a highly polygenic childhood trait that is epidemiologically associated with various adult diseases. Using 1000 Genomes Project-imputed genotype data in up to ∼370,000 women, we identify 389 independent signals (P < 5 × 10) for age at menarche, a milestone in female pubertal development. In Icelandic data, these signals explain ∼7.4% of the population variance in age at menarche, corresponding to ∼25% of the estimated heritability. We implicate ∼250 genes via coding variation or associated expression, demonstrating significant enrichment in neural tissues. Rare variants near the imprinted genes MKRN3 and DLK1 were identified, exhibiting large effects when paternally inherited. Mendelian randomization analyses suggest causal inverse associations, independent of body mass index (BMI), between puberty timing and risks for breast and endometrial cancers in women and prostate cancer in men. In aggregate, our findings highlight the complexity of the genetic regulation of puberty timing and support causal links with cancer susceptibility.

VL - 49 IS - 6 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28436984?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Novel Blood Pressure Locus and Gene Discovery Using Genome-Wide Association Study and Expression Data Sets From Blood and the Kidney. JF - Hypertension Y1 - 2017 A1 - Wain, Louise V A1 - Vaez, Ahmad A1 - Jansen, Rick A1 - Joehanes, Roby A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Erzurumluoglu, A Mesut A1 - O'Reilly, Paul F A1 - Cabrera, Claudia P A1 - Warren, Helen R A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Verwoert, Germaine C A1 - Hottenga, Jouke-Jan A1 - Strawbridge, Rona J A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Arking, Dan E A1 - Hwang, Shih-Jen A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Trompet, Stella A1 - Shrine, Nick A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Ried, Janina S A1 - Bis, Joshua C A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Mahajan, Anubha A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Hofer, Edith A1 - Joshi, Peter K A1 - Kristiansson, Kati A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Havulinna, Aki S A1 - Goel, Anuj A1 - Nalls, Mike A A1 - Sõber, Siim A1 - Vuckovic, Dragana A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - del Greco M, Fabiola A1 - Ayers, Kristin L A1 - Marrugat, Jaume A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Lopez, Lorna M A1 - Niiranen, Teemu A1 - Enroth, Stefan A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Nelson, Christopher P A1 - Huffman, Jennifer E A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Marten, Jonathan A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Harris, Sarah E A1 - Zemunik, Tatijana A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Evangelou, Evangelos A1 - Shah, Nabi A1 - de Borst, Martin H A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Prins, Bram P A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Li-Gao, Ruifang A1 - Chauhan, Ganesh A1 - Oldmeadow, Christopher A1 - Abecasis, Goncalo A1 - Abedi, Maryam A1 - Barbieri, Caterina M A1 - Barnes, Michael R A1 - Batini, Chiara A1 - Beilby, John A1 - Blake, Tineka A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Braund, Peter S A1 - Brown, Morris A1 - Brumat, Marco A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Cocca, Massimiliano A1 - Collins, Francis A1 - Connell, John A1 - Cordell, Heather J A1 - Damman, Jeffrey J A1 - Davies, Gail A1 - de Geus, Eco J A1 - de Mutsert, Renée A1 - Deelen, Joris A1 - Demirkale, Yusuf A1 - Doney, Alex S F A1 - Dörr, Marcus A1 - Farrall, Martin A1 - Ferreira, Teresa A1 - Frånberg, Mattias A1 - Gao, He A1 - Giedraitis, Vilmantas A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Giulianini, Franco A1 - Gow, Alan J A1 - Hamsten, Anders A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Holliday, Elizabeth G A1 - Hui, Jennie A1 - Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta A1 - Johansson, Åsa A1 - Johnson, Andrew D A1 - Jousilahti, Pekka A1 - Jula, Antti A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kathiresan, Sekar A1 - Khaw, Kay-Tee A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Koskinen, Seppo A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Larson, Marty A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lehne, Benjamin A1 - Liewald, David C M A1 - Lin, Li A1 - Lind, Lars A1 - Mach, François A1 - Mamasoula, Chrysovalanto A1 - Menni, Cristina A1 - Mifsud, Borbala A1 - Milaneschi, Yuri A1 - Morgan, Anna A1 - Morris, Andrew D A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Munson, Peter J A1 - Nandakumar, Priyanka A1 - Nguyen, Quang Tri A1 - Nutile, Teresa A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Oostra, Ben A A1 - Org, Elin A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Palotie, Aarno A1 - Paré, Guillaume A1 - Pattie, Alison A1 - Penninx, Brenda W J H A1 - Poulter, Neil A1 - Pramstaller, Peter P A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Ren, Meixia A1 - Rice, Kenneth A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Riese, Harriëtte A1 - Ripatti, Samuli A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Saba, Yasaman A1 - Saint Pierre, Aude A1 - Sala, Cinzia F A1 - Sarin, Antti-Pekka A1 - Schmidt, Reinhold A1 - Scott, Rodney A1 - Seelen, Marc A A1 - Shields, Denis C A1 - Siscovick, David A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Stanton, Alice A1 - Stott, David J A1 - Sundström, Johan A1 - Swertz, Morris A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Thom, Simon A1 - Tzoulaki, Ioanna A1 - Tzourio, Christophe A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Wild, Sarah A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Thériault, Sébastien A1 - Conen, David A1 - Attia, John A1 - Sever, Peter A1 - Debette, Stéphanie A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Zeggini, Eleftheria A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Palmer, Colin N A A1 - Vergnaud, Anne-Claire A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Girotto, Giorgia A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Lindgren, Cecila M A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Tuomilehto, Jaakko A1 - Gyllensten, Ulf A1 - Knekt, Paul A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Elosua, Roberto A1 - Keavney, Bernard D A1 - Hicks, Andrew A A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Laan, Maris A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Watkins, Hugh A1 - Hartman, Catharina A A1 - Salomaa, Veikko A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Perola, Markus A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Schmidt, Helena A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Peters, Annette A1 - Rettig, Rainer A1 - James, Alan A1 - Jukema, J Wouter A1 - Strachan, David P A1 - Palmas, Walter A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Ingelsson, Erik A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Bochud, Murielle A1 - Newton-Cheh, Christopher A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Elliott, Paul A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Chakravarti, Aravinda A1 - Knight, Joanne A1 - Morris, Andrew P A1 - Levy, Daniel A1 - Tobin, Martin D A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Caulfield, Mark J A1 - Ehret, Georg B AB -Elevated blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has a substantial genetic contribution. Genetic variation influencing blood pressure has the potential to identify new pharmacological targets for the treatment of hypertension. To discover additional novel blood pressure loci, we used 1000 Genomes Project-based imputation in 150 134 European ancestry individuals and sought significant evidence for independent replication in a further 228 245 individuals. We report 6 new signals of association in or near , , , , , and , and provide new replication evidence for a further 2 signals in and Combining large whole-blood gene expression resources totaling 12 607 individuals, we investigated all novel and previously reported signals and identified 48 genes with evidence for involvement in blood pressure regulation that are significant in multiple resources. Three novel kidney-specific signals were also detected. These robustly implicated genes may provide new leads for therapeutic innovation.

U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28739976?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Rare and low-frequency coding variants alter human adult height. JF - Nature Y1 - 2017 A1 - Marouli, Eirini A1 - Graff, Mariaelisa A1 - Medina-Gomez, Carolina A1 - Lo, Ken Sin A1 - Wood, Andrew R A1 - Kjaer, Troels R A1 - Fine, Rebecca S A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Schurmann, Claudia A1 - Highland, Heather M A1 - Rüeger, Sina A1 - Thorleifsson, Gudmar A1 - Justice, Anne E A1 - Lamparter, David A1 - Stirrups, Kathleen E A1 - Turcot, Valérie A1 - Young, Kristin L A1 - Winkler, Thomas W A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Karaderi, Tugce A1 - Locke, Adam E A1 - Masca, Nicholas G D A1 - Ng, Maggie C Y A1 - Mudgal, Poorva A1 - Rivas, Manuel A A1 - Vedantam, Sailaja A1 - Mahajan, Anubha A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Abecasis, Goncalo A1 - Aben, Katja K A1 - Adair, Linda S A1 - Alam, Dewan S A1 - Albrecht, Eva A1 - Allin, Kristine H A1 - Allison, Matthew A1 - Amouyel, Philippe A1 - Appel, Emil V A1 - Arveiler, Dominique A1 - Asselbergs, Folkert W A1 - Auer, Paul L A1 - Balkau, Beverley A1 - Banas, Bernhard A1 - Bang, Lia E A1 - Benn, Marianne A1 - Bergmann, Sven A1 - Bielak, Lawrence F A1 - Blüher, Matthias A1 - Boeing, Heiner A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Böger, Carsten A A1 - Bonnycastle, Lori L A1 - Bork-Jensen, Jette A1 - Bots, Michiel L A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Bowden, Donald W A1 - Brandslund, Ivan A1 - Breen, Gerome A1 - Brilliant, Murray H A1 - Broer, Linda A1 - Burt, Amber A A1 - Butterworth, Adam S A1 - Carey, David J A1 - Caulfield, Mark J A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Chen, Yii-Der Ida A1 - Chowdhury, Rajiv A1 - Christensen, Cramer A1 - Chu, Audrey Y A1 - Cocca, Massimiliano A1 - Collins, Francis S A1 - Cook, James P A1 - Corley, Janie A1 - Galbany, Jordi Corominas A1 - Cox, Amanda J A1 - Cuellar-Partida, Gabriel A1 - Danesh, John A1 - Davies, Gail A1 - de Bakker, Paul I W A1 - de Borst, Gert J A1 - de Denus, Simon A1 - de Groot, Mark C H A1 - de Mutsert, Renée A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Dedoussis, George A1 - Demerath, Ellen W A1 - den Hollander, Anneke I A1 - Dennis, Joe G A1 - Di Angelantonio, Emanuele A1 - Drenos, Fotios A1 - Du, Mengmeng A1 - Dunning, Alison M A1 - Easton, Douglas F A1 - Ebeling, Tapani A1 - Edwards, Todd L A1 - Ellinor, Patrick T A1 - Elliott, Paul A1 - Evangelou, Evangelos A1 - Farmaki, Aliki-Eleni A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Feng, Shuang A1 - Ferrannini, Ele A1 - Ferrario, Marco M A1 - Ferrières, Jean A1 - Florez, Jose C A1 - Ford, Ian A1 - Fornage, Myriam A1 - Franks, Paul W A1 - Frikke-Schmidt, Ruth A1 - Galesloot, Tessel E A1 - Gan, Wei A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Giedraitis, Vilmantas A1 - Giri, Ayush A1 - Girotto, Giorgia A1 - Gordon, Scott D A1 - Gordon-Larsen, Penny A1 - Gorski, Mathias A1 - Grarup, Niels A1 - Grove, Megan L A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Gustafsson, Stefan A1 - Hansen, Torben A1 - Harris, Kathleen Mullan A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Hattersley, Andrew T A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - He, Liang A1 - Heid, Iris M A1 - Heikkilä, Kauko A1 - Helgeland, Øyvind A1 - Hernesniemi, Jussi A1 - Hewitt, Alex W A1 - Hocking, Lynne J A1 - Hollensted, Mette A1 - Holmen, Oddgeir L A1 - Hovingh, G Kees A1 - Howson, Joanna M M A1 - Hoyng, Carel B A1 - Huang, Paul L A1 - Hveem, Kristian A1 - Ikram, M Arfan A1 - Ingelsson, Erik A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Jansson, Jan-Håkan A1 - Jarvik, Gail P A1 - Jensen, Gorm B A1 - Jhun, Min A A1 - Jia, Yucheng A1 - Jiang, Xuejuan A1 - Johansson, Stefan A1 - Jørgensen, Marit E A1 - Jørgensen, Torben A1 - Jousilahti, Pekka A1 - Jukema, J Wouter A1 - Kahali, Bratati A1 - Kahn, René S A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kamstrup, Pia R A1 - Kanoni, Stavroula A1 - Kaprio, Jaakko A1 - Karaleftheri, Maria A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Karpe, Fredrik A1 - Kee, Frank A1 - Keeman, Renske A1 - Kiemeney, Lambertus A A1 - Kitajima, Hidetoshi A1 - Kluivers, Kirsten B A1 - Kocher, Thomas A1 - Komulainen, Pirjo A1 - Kontto, Jukka A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Kovacs, Peter A1 - Kriebel, Jennifer A1 - Kuivaniemi, Helena A1 - Küry, Sébastien A1 - Kuusisto, Johanna A1 - La Bianca, Martina A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Lakka, Timo A A1 - Lange, Ethan M A1 - Lange, Leslie A A1 - Langefeld, Carl D A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Larson, Eric B A1 - Lee, I-Te A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Lewis, Cora E A1 - Li, Huaixing A1 - Li, Jin A1 - Li-Gao, Ruifang A1 - Lin, Honghuang A1 - Lin, Li-An A1 - Lin, Xu A1 - Lind, Lars A1 - Lindström, Jaana A1 - Linneberg, Allan A1 - Liu, Yeheng A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Lophatananon, Artitaya A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Lubitz, Steven A A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Mackey, David A A1 - Madden, Pamela A F A1 - Manning, Alisa K A1 - Männistö, Satu A1 - Marenne, Gaëlle A1 - Marten, Jonathan A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Mazul, Angela L A1 - Meidtner, Karina A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Mitchell, Paul A1 - Mohlke, Karen L A1 - Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O A1 - Morgan, Anna A1 - Morris, Andrew D A1 - Morris, Andrew P A1 - Müller-Nurasyid, Martina A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Nalls, Mike A A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Nelson, Christopher P A1 - Neville, Matt A1 - Nielsen, Sune F A1 - Nikus, Kjell A1 - Njølstad, Pål R A1 - Nordestgaard, Børge G A1 - Ntalla, Ioanna A1 - O'Connel, Jeffrey R A1 - Oksa, Heikki A1 - Loohuis, Loes M Olde A1 - Ophoff, Roel A A1 - Owen, Katharine R A1 - Packard, Chris J A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Palmer, Colin N A A1 - Pasterkamp, Gerard A1 - Patel, Aniruddh P A1 - Pattie, Alison A1 - Pedersen, Oluf A1 - Peissig, Peggy L A1 - Peloso, Gina M A1 - Pennell, Craig E A1 - Perola, Markus A1 - Perry, James A A1 - Perry, John R B A1 - Person, Thomas N A1 - Pirie, Ailith A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Posthuma, Danielle A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Rasheed, Asif A1 - Rauramaa, Rainer A1 - Reilly, Dermot F A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Renstrom, Frida A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Rioux, John D A1 - Robertson, Neil A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rolandsson, Olov A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Ruth, Katherine S A1 - Saleheen, Danish A1 - Salomaa, Veikko A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Sandow, Kevin A1 - Sapkota, Yadav A1 - Sattar, Naveed A1 - Schmidt, Marjanka K A1 - Schreiner, Pamela J A1 - Schulze, Matthias B A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Segura-Lepe, Marcelo P A1 - Shah, Svati A1 - Sim, Xueling A1 - Sivapalaratnam, Suthesh A1 - Small, Kerrin S A1 - Smith, Albert Vernon A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Southam, Lorraine A1 - Spector, Timothy D A1 - Speliotes, Elizabeth K A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur A1 - Stringham, Heather M A1 - Stumvoll, Michael A1 - Surendran, Praveen A1 - 't Hart, Leen M A1 - Tansey, Katherine E A1 - Tardif, Jean-Claude A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Thompson, Deborah J A1 - Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur A1 - Thuesen, Betina H A1 - Tönjes, Anke A1 - Tromp, Gerard A1 - Trompet, Stella A1 - Tsafantakis, Emmanouil A1 - Tuomilehto, Jaakko A1 - Tybjaerg-Hansen, Anne A1 - Tyrer, Jonathan P A1 - Uher, Rudolf A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - van der Laan, Sander W A1 - Van Der Leij, Andries R A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - van Schoor, Natasja M A1 - van Setten, Jessica A1 - Varbo, Anette A1 - Varga, Tibor V A1 - Varma, Rohit A1 - Edwards, Digna R Velez A1 - Vermeulen, Sita H A1 - Vestergaard, Henrik A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Vogt, Thomas F A1 - Vozzi, Diego A1 - Walker, Mark A1 - Wang, Feijie A1 - Wang, Carol A A1 - Wang, Shuai A1 - Wang, Yiqin A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Warren, Helen R A1 - Wessel, Jennifer A1 - Willems, Sara M A1 - Wilson, James G A1 - Witte, Daniel R A1 - Woods, Michael O A1 - Wu, Ying A1 - Yaghootkar, Hanieh A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Yao, Pang A1 - Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M A1 - Young, Robin A1 - Zeggini, Eleftheria A1 - Zhan, Xiaowei A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Zheng, He A1 - Zhou, Wei A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - Kathiresan, Sekar A1 - McCarthy, Mark I A1 - Willer, Cristen J A1 - Stefansson, Kari A1 - Borecki, Ingrid B A1 - Liu, Dajiang J A1 - North, Kari E A1 - Heard-Costa, Nancy L A1 - Pers, Tune H A1 - Lindgren, Cecilia M A1 - Oxvig, Claus A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Frayling, Timothy M A1 - Hirschhorn, Joel N A1 - Deloukas, Panos A1 - Lettre, Guillaume KW - ADAMTS Proteins KW - Adult KW - Alleles KW - Body Height KW - Cell Adhesion Molecules KW - Female KW - Gene Frequency KW - Genetic Variation KW - Genome, Human KW - Glycoproteins KW - Glycosaminoglycans KW - Hedgehog Proteins KW - Humans KW - Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins KW - Interferon Regulatory Factors KW - Interleukin-11 Receptor alpha Subunit KW - Male KW - Multifactorial Inheritance KW - NADPH Oxidase 4 KW - NADPH Oxidases KW - Phenotype KW - Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A KW - Procollagen N-Endopeptidase KW - Proteoglycans KW - Proteolysis KW - Receptors, Androgen KW - Somatomedins AB -Height is a highly heritable, classic polygenic trait with approximately 700 common associated variants identified through genome-wide association studies so far. Here, we report 83 height-associated coding variants with lower minor-allele frequencies (in the range of 0.1-4.8%) and effects of up to 2 centimetres per allele (such as those in IHH, STC2, AR and CRISPLD2), greater than ten times the average effect of common variants. In functional follow-up studies, rare height-increasing alleles of STC2 (giving an increase of 1-2 centimetres per allele) compromised proteolytic inhibition of PAPP-A and increased cleavage of IGFBP-4 in vitro, resulting in higher bioavailability of insulin-like growth factors. These 83 height-associated variants overlap genes that are mutated in monogenic growth disorders and highlight new biological candidates (such as ADAMTS3, IL11RA and NOX4) and pathways (such as proteoglycan and glycosaminoglycan synthesis) involved in growth. Our results demonstrate that sufficiently large sample sizes can uncover rare and low-frequency variants of moderate-to-large effect associated with polygenic human phenotypes, and that these variants implicate relevant genes and pathways.

VL - 542 IS - 7640 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28146470?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Genetic associations at 53 loci highlight cell types and biological pathways relevant for kidney function. JF - Nat Commun Y1 - 2016 A1 - Pattaro, Cristian A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Gorski, Mathias A1 - Chu, Audrey Y A1 - Li, Man A1 - Mijatovic, Vladan A1 - Garnaas, Maija A1 - Tin, Adrienne A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Li, Yong A1 - Taliun, Daniel A1 - Olden, Matthias A1 - Foster, Meredith A1 - Yang, Qiong A1 - Chen, Ming-Huei A1 - Pers, Tune H A1 - Johnson, Andrew D A1 - Ko, Yi-An A1 - Fuchsberger, Christian A1 - Tayo, Bamidele A1 - Nalls, Michael A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Isaacs, Aaron A1 - Dehghan, Abbas A1 - d'Adamo, Pio A1 - Adeyemo, Adebowale A1 - Dieffenbach, Aida Karina A1 - Zonderman, Alan B A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Shuldiner, Alan R A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Dreisbach, Albert W A1 - Franke, Andre A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Tönjes, Anke A1 - Lupo, Antonio A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Johansson, Åsa A1 - Demirkan, Ayse A1 - Kollerits, Barbara A1 - Freedman, Barry I A1 - Ponte, Belen A1 - Oostra, Ben A A1 - Paulweber, Bernhard A1 - Krämer, Bernhard K A1 - Mitchell, Braxton D A1 - Buckley, Brendan M A1 - Peralta, Carmen A A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Helmer, Catherine A1 - Rotimi, Charles N A1 - Shaffer, Christian M A1 - Müller, Christian A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Saint-Pierre, Aude A1 - Ackermann, Daniel A1 - Shriner, Daniel A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Cusi, Daniele A1 - Czamara, Darina A1 - Ellinghaus, David A1 - Siscovick, David S A1 - Ruderfer, Douglas A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Grallert, Harald A1 - Rochtchina, Elena A1 - Atkinson, Elizabeth J A1 - Holliday, Elizabeth G A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Salvi, Erika A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Murgia, Federico A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Ernst, Florian A1 - Kronenberg, Florian A1 - Hu, Frank B A1 - Navis, Gerjan J A1 - Curhan, Gary C A1 - Ehret, George B A1 - Homuth, Georg A1 - Coassin, Stefan A1 - Thun, Gian-Andri A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Gambaro, Giovanni A1 - Malerba, Giovanni A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Eiriksdottir, Gudny A1 - Jacobs, Gunnar A1 - Li, Guo A1 - Wichmann, H-Erich A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Schmidt, Helena A1 - Wallaschofski, Henri A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Brenner, Hermann A1 - Kroemer, Heyo K A1 - Kramer, Holly A1 - Lin, Honghuang A1 - Leach, I Mateo A1 - Ford, Ian A1 - Guessous, Idris A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Prokopenko, Inga A1 - Borecki, Ingrid A1 - Heid, Iris M A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Persico, Ivana A1 - Jukema, J Wouter A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Felix, Janine F A1 - Divers, Jasmin A1 - Lambert, Jean-Charles A1 - Stafford, Jeanette M A1 - Gaspoz, Jean-Michel A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Wang, Jie Jin A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Hirschhorn, Joel N A1 - Attia, John A1 - Whitfield, John B A1 - Chalmers, John A1 - Viikari, Jorma A1 - Coresh, Josef A1 - Denny, Joshua C A1 - Karjalainen, Juha A1 - Fernandes, Jyotika K A1 - Endlich, Karlhans A1 - Butterbach, Katja A1 - Keene, Keith L A1 - Lohman, Kurt A1 - Portas, Laura A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Yengo, Loic A1 - Franke, Lude A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Kedenko, Lyudmyla A1 - Rao, Madhumathi A1 - Struchalin, Maksim A1 - Kleber, Marcus E A1 - Cavalieri, Margherita A1 - Haun, Margot A1 - Cornelis, Marilyn C A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Pirastu, Mario A1 - de Andrade, Mariza A1 - McEvoy, Mark A A1 - Woodward, Mark A1 - Adam, Martin A1 - Cocca, Massimiliano A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Imboden, Medea A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Pruijm, Menno A1 - Metzger, Marie A1 - Stumvoll, Michael A1 - Evans, Michele K A1 - Sale, Michele M A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Boban, Mladen A1 - Bochud, Murielle A1 - Rheinberger, Myriam A1 - Verweij, Niek A1 - Bouatia-Naji, Nabila A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Hastie, Nick A1 - Probst-Hensch, Nicole A1 - Soranzo, Nicole A1 - Devuyst, Olivier A1 - Raitakari, Olli A1 - Gottesman, Omri A1 - Franco, Oscar H A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Mitchell, Paul A1 - Muntner, Paul A1 - Meisinger, Christa A1 - Smit, Johannes H A1 - Kovacs, Peter A1 - Wild, Philipp S A1 - Froguel, Philippe A1 - Rettig, Rainer A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Biffar, Reiner A1 - Schmidt, Reinhold A1 - Middelberg, Rita P S A1 - Carroll, Robert J A1 - Penninx, Brenda W A1 - Scott, Rodney J A1 - Katz, Ronit A1 - Sedaghat, Sanaz A1 - Wild, Sarah H A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Hwang, Shih-Jen A1 - Enroth, Stefan A1 - Kloiber, Stefan A1 - Trompet, Stella A1 - Stengel, Bénédicte A1 - Hancock, Stephen J A1 - Turner, Stephen T A1 - Rosas, Sylvia E A1 - Stracke, Sylvia A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Zeller, Tanja A1 - Zemunik, Tatijana A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Illig, Thomas A1 - Aspelund, Thor A1 - Nikopensius, Tiit A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Tanaka, Toshiko A1 - Gyllensten, Ulf A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Emilsson, Valur A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Aalto, Ville A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Chouraki, Vincent A1 - Chen, Wei-Min A1 - Igl, Wilmar A1 - März, Winfried A1 - Koenig, Wolfgang A1 - Lieb, Wolfgang A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Pramstaller, Peter P A1 - Parsa, Afshin A1 - O'Connell, Jeffrey R A1 - Susztak, Katalin A1 - Hamet, Pavel A1 - Tremblay, Johanne A1 - de Boer, Ian H A1 - Böger, Carsten A A1 - Goessling, Wolfram A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Köttgen, Anna A1 - Kao, W H Linda A1 - Fox, Caroline S KW - Gene Expression Regulation KW - Genetic Predisposition to Disease KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Genotype KW - Humans KW - Renal Insufficiency, Chronic AB -Reduced glomerular filtration rate defines chronic kidney disease and is associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), combining data across 133,413 individuals with replication in up to 42,166 individuals. We identify 24 new and confirm 29 previously identified loci. Of these 53 loci, 19 associate with eGFR among individuals with diabetes. Using bioinformatics, we show that identified genes at eGFR loci are enriched for expression in kidney tissues and in pathways relevant for kidney development and transmembrane transporter activity, kidney structure, and regulation of glucose metabolism. Chromatin state mapping and DNase I hypersensitivity analyses across adult tissues demonstrate preferential mapping of associated variants to regulatory regions in kidney but not extra-renal tissues. These findings suggest that genetic determinants of eGFR are mediated largely through direct effects within the kidney and highlight important cell types and biological pathways.

VL - 7 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26831199?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Genome-wide association study identifies 74 loci associated with educational attainment. JF - Nature Y1 - 2016 A1 - Okbay, Aysu A1 - Beauchamp, Jonathan P A1 - Fontana, Mark Alan A1 - Lee, James J A1 - Pers, Tune H A1 - Rietveld, Cornelius A A1 - Turley, Patrick A1 - Chen, Guo-Bo A1 - Emilsson, Valur A1 - Meddens, S Fleur W A1 - Oskarsson, Sven A1 - Pickrell, Joseph K A1 - Thom, Kevin A1 - Timshel, Pascal A1 - de Vlaming, Ronald A1 - Abdellaoui, Abdel A1 - Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S A1 - Bacelis, Jonas A1 - Baumbach, Clemens A1 - Bjornsdottir, Gyda A1 - Brandsma, Johannes H A1 - Pina Concas, Maria A1 - Derringer, Jaime A1 - Furlotte, Nicholas A A1 - Galesloot, Tessel E A1 - Girotto, Giorgia A1 - Gupta, Richa A1 - Hall, Leanne M A1 - Harris, Sarah E A1 - Hofer, Edith A1 - Horikoshi, Momoko A1 - Huffman, Jennifer E A1 - Kaasik, Kadri A1 - Kalafati, Ioanna P A1 - Karlsson, Robert A1 - Kong, Augustine A1 - Lahti, Jari A1 - van der Lee, Sven J A1 - deLeeuw, Christiaan A1 - Lind, Penelope A A1 - Lindgren, Karl-Oskar A1 - Liu, Tian A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Marten, Jonathan A1 - Mihailov, Evelin A1 - Miller, Michael B A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Oldmeadow, Christopher A1 - Payton, Antony A1 - Pervjakova, Natalia A1 - Peyrot, Wouter J A1 - Qian, Yong A1 - Raitakari, Olli A1 - Rueedi, Rico A1 - Salvi, Erika A1 - Schmidt, Börge A1 - Schraut, Katharina E A1 - Shi, Jianxin A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Poot, Raymond A A1 - St Pourcain, Beate A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Thorleifsson, Gudmar A1 - Verweij, Niek A1 - Vuckovic, Dragana A1 - Wellmann, Juergen A1 - Westra, Harm-Jan A1 - Yang, Jingyun A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Zhu, Zhihong A1 - Alizadeh, Behrooz Z A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Bakshi, Andrew A1 - Baumeister, Sebastian E A1 - Biino, Ginevra A1 - Bønnelykke, Klaus A1 - Boyle, Patricia A A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Cappuccio, Francesco P A1 - Davies, Gail A1 - De Neve, Jan-Emmanuel A1 - Deloukas, Panos A1 - Demuth, Ilja A1 - Ding, Jun A1 - Eibich, Peter A1 - Eisele, Lewin A1 - Eklund, Niina A1 - Evans, David M A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Forstner, Andreas J A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Gunnarsson, Bjarni A1 - Halldórsson, Bjarni V A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Heath, Andrew C A1 - Hocking, Lynne J A1 - Holliday, Elizabeth G A1 - Homuth, Georg A1 - Horan, Michael A A1 - Hottenga, Jouke-Jan A1 - de Jager, Philip L A1 - Joshi, Peter K A1 - Jugessur, Astanand A1 - Kaakinen, Marika A A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kanoni, Stavroula A1 - Keltigangas-Järvinen, Liisa A1 - Kiemeney, Lambertus A L M A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Koskinen, Seppo A1 - Kraja, Aldi T A1 - Kroh, Martin A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Latvala, Antti A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lebreton, Maël P A1 - Levinson, Douglas F A1 - Lichtenstein, Paul A1 - Lichtner, Peter A1 - Liewald, David C M A1 - Loukola, Anu A1 - Madden, Pamela A A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Mäki-Opas, Tomi A1 - Marioni, Riccardo E A1 - Marques-Vidal, Pedro A1 - Meddens, Gerardus A A1 - McMahon, George A1 - Meisinger, Christa A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Milaneschi, Yusplitri A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Myhre, Ronny A1 - Nelson, Christopher P A1 - Nyholt, Dale R A1 - Ollier, William E R A1 - Palotie, Aarno A1 - Paternoster, Lavinia A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Petrovic, Katja E A1 - Porteous, David J A1 - Räikkönen, Katri A1 - Ring, Susan M A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rostapshova, Olga A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Rustichini, Aldo A1 - Salomaa, Veikko A1 - Sanders, Alan R A1 - Sarin, Antti-Pekka A1 - Schmidt, Helena A1 - Scott, Rodney J A1 - Smith, Blair H A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Staessen, Jan A A1 - Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Terracciano, Antonio A1 - Tobin, Martin D A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Vaccargiu, Simona A1 - Quaye, Lydia A1 - van Rooij, Frank J A A1 - Venturini, Cristina A1 - Vinkhuyzen, Anna A E A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Vonk, Judith M A1 - Vozzi, Diego A1 - Waage, Johannes A1 - Ware, Erin B A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Attia, John R A1 - Bennett, David A A1 - Berger, Klaus A1 - Bertram, Lars A1 - Bisgaard, Hans A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Borecki, Ingrid B A1 - Bültmann, Ute A1 - Chabris, Christopher F A1 - Cucca, Francesco A1 - Cusi, Daniele A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Dedoussis, George V A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Eriksson, Johan G A1 - Franke, Barbara A1 - Franke, Lude A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gejman, Pablo V A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Grabe, Hans-Jörgen A1 - Gratten, Jacob A1 - Groenen, Patrick J F A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Hinds, David A A1 - Hoffmann, Wolfgang A1 - Hyppönen, Elina A1 - Iacono, William G A1 - Jacobsson, Bo A1 - Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta A1 - Jöckel, Karl-Heinz A1 - Kaprio, Jaakko A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Lehrer, Steven F A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - McGue, Matt A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Pendleton, Neil A1 - Penninx, Brenda W J H A1 - Perola, Markus A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Pirastu, Mario A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Posthuma, Danielle A1 - Power, Christine A1 - Province, Michael A A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Schlessinger, David A1 - Schmidt, Reinhold A1 - Sørensen, Thorkild I A A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - Stefansson, Kari A1 - Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur A1 - Thurik, A Roy A1 - Timpson, Nicholas J A1 - Tiemeier, Henning A1 - Tung, Joyce Y A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Conley, Dalton C A1 - Krueger, Robert F A1 - Davey Smith, George A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Laibson, David I A1 - Medland, Sarah E A1 - Meyer, Michelle N A1 - Yang, Jian A1 - Johannesson, Magnus A1 - Visscher, Peter M A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Koellinger, Philipp D A1 - Cesarini, David A1 - Benjamin, Daniel J KW - Alzheimer Disease KW - Bipolar Disorder KW - Brain KW - Cognition KW - Computational Biology KW - Educational Status KW - Fetus KW - Gene Expression Regulation KW - Gene-Environment Interaction KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Great Britain KW - Humans KW - Molecular Sequence Annotation KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Schizophrenia AB -Educational attainment is strongly influenced by social and other environmental factors, but genetic factors are estimated to account for at least 20% of the variation across individuals. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for educational attainment that extends our earlier discovery sample of 101,069 individuals to 293,723 individuals, and a replication study in an independent sample of 111,349 individuals from the UK Biobank. We identify 74 genome-wide significant loci associated with the number of years of schooling completed. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with educational attainment are disproportionately found in genomic regions regulating gene expression in the fetal brain. Candidate genes are preferentially expressed in neural tissue, especially during the prenatal period, and enriched for biological pathways involved in neural development. Our findings demonstrate that, even for a behavioural phenotype that is mostly environmentally determined, a well-powered GWAS identifies replicable associated genetic variants that suggest biologically relevant pathways. Because educational attainment is measured in large numbers of individuals, it will continue to be useful as a proxy phenotype in efforts to characterize the genetic influences of related phenotypes, including cognition and neuropsychiatric diseases.

VL - 533 IS - 7604 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27225129?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Genome-Wide Association Study in isolated populations reveals new genes associated to common food likings. JF - Rev Endocr Metab Disord Y1 - 2016 A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Kooyman, Maarten A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Willems, Sara M A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Karssen, Lennart C A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Gasparini, Paolo AB -Food preferences are the first factor driving food choice and thus nutrition. They involve numerous different senses such as taste and olfaction as well as various other factors such as personal experiences and hedonistic aspects. Although it is clear that several of these have a genetic basis, up to now studies have focused mostly on the effects of polymorphisms of taste receptor genes. Therefore, we have carried out one of the first large scale (4611 individuals) GWAS on food likings assessed for 20 specific food likings belonging to 4 different categories (vegetables, fatty, dairy and bitter). A two-step meta-analysis using three different isolated populations from Italy for the discovery step and two populations from The Netherlands and Central Asia for replication, revealed 15 independent genome-wide significant loci (p < 5 × 10(-8)) for 12 different foods. None of the identified genes coded for either taste or olfactory receptors suggesting that genetics impacts in determining food likings in a much broader way than simple differences in taste perception. These results represent a further step in uncovering the genes that underlie liking of common foods that in the end will greatly help understanding the genetics of human nutrition in general.

U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27129595?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Global diversity in the TAS2R38 bitter taste receptor: revisiting a classic evolutionary PROPosal. JF - Sci Rep Y1 - 2016 A1 - Risso, Davide S A1 - Mezzavilla, Massimo A1 - Pagani, Luca A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Morini, Gabriella A1 - Tofanelli, Sergio A1 - Carrai, Maura A1 - Campa, Daniele A1 - Barale, Roberto A1 - Caradonna, Fabio A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Luiselli, Donata A1 - Wooding, Stephen A1 - Drayna, Dennis AB -The ability to taste phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) and 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) is a polymorphic trait mediated by the TAS2R38 bitter taste receptor gene. It has long been hypothesized that global genetic diversity at this locus evolved under pervasive pressures from balancing natural selection. However, recent high-resolution population genetic studies of TAS2Rs suggest that demographic events have played a critical role in the evolution of these genes. We here utilized the largest TAS2R38 database yet analyzed, consisting of 5,589 individuals from 105 populations, to examine natural selection, haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium to estimate the effects of both selection and demography on contemporary patterns of variation at this locus. We found signs of an ancient balancing selection acting on this gene but no post Out-Of-Africa departures from neutrality, implying that the current observed patterns of variation can be predominantly explained by demographic, rather than selective events. In addition, we found signatures of ancient selective forces acting on different African TAS2R38 haplotypes. Collectively our results provide evidence for a relaxation of recent selective forces acting on this gene and a revised hypothesis for the origins of the present-day worldwide distribution of TAS2R38 haplotypes.

VL - 6 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27138342?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Non-additive genome-wide association scan reveals a new gene associated with habitual coffee consumption. JF - Sci Rep Y1 - 2016 A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Kooyman, Maarten A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - van der Spek, Ashley A1 - Navarini, Luciano A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Karssen, Lennart C A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Gasparini, Paolo AB -Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages world-wide and one of the primary sources of caffeine intake. Given its important health and economic impact, the underlying genetics of its consumption has been widely studied. Despite these efforts, much has still to be uncovered. In particular, the use of non-additive genetic models may uncover new information about the genetic variants driving coffee consumption. We have conducted a genome-wide association study in two Italian populations using additive, recessive and dominant models for analysis. This has uncovered a significant association in the PDSS2 gene under the recessive model that has been replicated in an independent cohort from the Netherlands (ERF). The identified gene has been shown to negatively regulate the expression of the caffeine metabolism genes and can thus be linked to coffee consumption. Further bioinformatics analysis of eQTL and histone marks from Roadmap data has evidenced a possible role of the identified SNPs in regulating PDSS2 gene expression through enhancers present in its intron. Our results highlight a novel gene which regulates coffee consumption by regulating the expression of the genes linked to caffeine metabolism. Further studies will be needed to clarify the biological mechanism which links PDSS2 and coffee consumption.

VL - 6 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27561104?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Understanding the role of personality and alexithymia in food preferences and PROP taste perception. JF - Physiol Behav Y1 - 2016 A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Mezzavilla, Massimo A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - La Bianca, Martina A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Carlino, Davide A1 - Tepper, Beverly J AB -Taste perception and food preferences are influenced by a variety of factors, including personality characteristics. The aims of this study were to examine the role of personality characteristics, such as alexithymia (a personality construct characterized by inability to identify, describe, and work with one's own feelings), in: 1) taste responses to the bitter genetic taste-marker PROP and 2) food liking. We studied 649 healthy subjects residing in six genetically-isolated villages of Northeast Italy. Data on PROP taste responsiveness, food liking, personality characteristics and TAS2R28 genotypes were collected. Results showed that PROP non-tasters had higher alexithymia scores than PROP tasters. Moreover, the presence of alexithymia in heterozygous individuals for the rs1726886 polymorphism of the TAS2R38 gene was associated with a reduction in the perceived intensity of PROP. Finally, higher alexithymia scores were associated with liking of alcohol, sweets and fats/meats whereas lower alexithymia scores were related to liking of vegetables, condiments and strong cheeses, Measures of temperament, character, anxiety and depression were also related to food liking. Our findings suggest that: 1) alexithymia, in addition to the TAS2R38 polymorphism, may play a role in responsiveness to the aversive and bitter taste of PROP; and 2) alexithymia, in combination with other personality traits, may provide important insights for better understanding food liking.

VL - 157 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26805725?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Analysis of functional variants reveals new candidate genes associated with alexithymia. JF - Psychiatry Res Y1 - 2015 A1 - Mezzavilla, Massimo A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Bianca, Martina La A1 - Carlino, Davide A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Robino, Antonietta KW - Adolescent KW - Adult KW - Affective Symptoms KW - Aged KW - Case-Control Studies KW - DNA-Binding Proteins KW - Emotions KW - Female KW - Humans KW - Male KW - Membrane Proteins KW - Middle Aged KW - P-Glycoproteins KW - Personality Inventory KW - Phenotype KW - Tumor Suppressor Proteins KW - Young Adult AB -In this study we explored the possible association between 36,915 functional variants and alexithymia, a personality trait characterized by the inability to identify and describe emotions and feelings. From our analysis, variants in the genes ABCB4, TP53AIP1, ARHGAP32 and TMEM88B were identified linked to the alexithymia phenotype.

VL - 227 IS - 2-3 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25882097?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Directional dominance on stature and cognition in diverse human populations. JF - Nature Y1 - 2015 A1 - Joshi, Peter K A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Mattsson, Hannele A1 - Eklund, Niina A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Nutile, Teresa A1 - Jackson, Anne U A1 - Schurmann, Claudia A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Zhang, Weihua A1 - Okada, Yukinori A1 - Stančáková, Alena A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Bartz, Traci M A1 - Concas, Maria Pina A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Enroth, Stefan A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Trompet, Stella A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - O'Connel, Jeffrey R A1 - Corre, Tanguy A1 - Nongmaithem, Suraj S A1 - Chen, Yuning A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Farmaki, Aliki-Eleni A1 - Kacprowski, Tim A1 - Bjonnes, Andrew A1 - van der Spek, Ashley A1 - Wu, Ying A1 - Giri, Anil K A1 - Yanek, Lisa R A1 - Wang, Lihua A1 - Hofer, Edith A1 - Rietveld, Cornelius A A1 - McLeod, Olga A1 - Cornelis, Marilyn C A1 - Pattaro, Cristian A1 - Verweij, Niek A1 - Baumbach, Clemens A1 - Abdellaoui, Abdel A1 - Warren, Helen R A1 - Vuckovic, Dragana A1 - Mei, Hao A1 - Bouchard, Claude A1 - Perry, John R B A1 - Cappellani, Stefania A1 - Mirza, Saira S A1 - Benton, Miles C A1 - Broeckel, Ulrich A1 - Medland, Sarah E A1 - Lind, Penelope A A1 - Malerba, Giovanni A1 - Drong, Alexander A1 - Yengo, Loic A1 - Bielak, Lawrence F A1 - Zhi, Degui A1 - van der Most, Peter J A1 - Shriner, Daniel A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Hemani, Gibran A1 - Karaderi, Tugce A1 - Wang, Zhaoming A1 - Liu, Tian A1 - Demuth, Ilja A1 - Zhao, Jing Hua A1 - Meng, Weihua A1 - Lataniotis, Lazaros A1 - van der Laan, Sander W A1 - Bradfield, Jonathan P A1 - Wood, Andrew R A1 - Bonnefond, Amelie A1 - Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S A1 - Hall, Leanne M A1 - Salvi, Erika A1 - Yazar, Seyhan A1 - Carstensen, Lisbeth A1 - de Haan, Hugoline G A1 - Abney, Mark A1 - Afzal, Uzma A1 - Allison, Matthew A A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Asselbergs, Folkert W A1 - Bakker, Stephan J L A1 - Barr, R Graham A1 - Baumeister, Sebastian E A1 - Benjamin, Daniel J A1 - Bergmann, Sven A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Bottinger, Erwin P A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Chakravarti, Aravinda A1 - Chan, Yingleong A1 - Chanock, Stephen J A1 - Chen, Constance A1 - Chen, Y-D Ida A1 - Collins, Francis S A1 - Connell, John A1 - Correa, Adolfo A1 - Cupples, L Adrienne A1 - Smith, George Davey A1 - Davies, Gail A1 - Dörr, Marcus A1 - Ehret, Georg A1 - Ellis, Stephen B A1 - Feenstra, Bjarke A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Ford, Ian A1 - Fox, Caroline S A1 - Frayling, Timothy M A1 - Friedrich, Nele A1 - Geller, Frank A1 - Scotland, Generation A1 - Gillham-Nasenya, Irina A1 - Gottesman, Omri A1 - Graff, Misa A1 - Grodstein, Francine A1 - Gu, Charles A1 - Haley, Chris A1 - Hammond, Christopher J A1 - Harris, Sarah E A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Hastie, Nicholas D A1 - Heard-Costa, Nancy L A1 - Heikkilä, Kauko A1 - Hocking, Lynne J A1 - Homuth, Georg A1 - Hottenga, Jouke-Jan A1 - Huang, Jinyan A1 - Huffman, Jennifer E A1 - Hysi, Pirro G A1 - Ikram, M Arfan A1 - Ingelsson, Erik A1 - Joensuu, Anni A1 - Johansson, Åsa A1 - Jousilahti, Pekka A1 - Jukema, J Wouter A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Kamatani, Yoichiro A1 - Kanoni, Stavroula A1 - Kerr, Shona M A1 - Khan, Nazir M A1 - Koellinger, Philipp A1 - Koistinen, Heikki A A1 - Kooner, Manraj K A1 - Kubo, Michiaki A1 - Kuusisto, Johanna A1 - Lahti, Jari A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Lea, Rodney A A1 - Lehne, Benjamin A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Liewald, David C M A1 - Lind, Lars A1 - Loh, Marie A1 - Lokki, Marja-Liisa A1 - London, Stephanie J A1 - Loomis, Stephanie J A1 - Loukola, Anu A1 - Lu, Yingchang A1 - Lumley, Thomas A1 - Lundqvist, Annamari A1 - Männistö, Satu A1 - Marques-Vidal, Pedro A1 - Masciullo, Corrado A1 - Matchan, Angela A1 - Mathias, Rasika A A1 - Matsuda, Koichi A1 - Meigs, James B A1 - Meisinger, Christa A1 - Meitinger, Thomas A1 - Menni, Cristina A1 - Mentch, Frank D A1 - Mihailov, Evelin A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Montasser, May E A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Morrison, Alanna A1 - Myers, Richard H A1 - Nadukuru, Rajiv A1 - Navarro, Pau A1 - Nelis, Mari A1 - Nieminen, Markku S A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - O'Connor, George T A1 - Ogunniyi, Adesola A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Palmas, Walter R A1 - Pankow, James S A1 - Patarcic, Inga A1 - Pavani, Francesca A1 - Peyser, Patricia A A1 - Pietilainen, Kirsi A1 - Poulter, Neil A1 - Prokopenko, Inga A1 - Ralhan, Sarju A1 - Redmond, Paul A1 - Rich, Stephen S A1 - Rissanen, Harri A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Rose, Richard A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Salako, Babatunde A1 - Salomaa, Veikko A1 - Sarin, Antti-Pekka A1 - Saxena, Richa A1 - Schmidt, Helena A1 - Scott, Laura J A1 - Scott, William R A1 - Sennblad, Bengt A1 - Seshadri, Sudha A1 - Sever, Peter A1 - Shrestha, Smeeta A1 - Smith, Blair H A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Soranzo, Nicole A1 - Sotoodehnia, Nona A1 - Southam, Lorraine A1 - Stanton, Alice V A1 - Stathopoulou, Maria G A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Strawbridge, Rona J A1 - Suderman, Matthew J A1 - Tandon, Nikhil A1 - Tang, Sian-Tsun A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Tayo, Bamidele O A1 - Töglhofer, Anna Maria A1 - Tomaszewski, Maciej A1 - Tšernikova, Natalia A1 - Tuomilehto, Jaakko A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Vaidya, Dhananjay A1 - van Hylckama Vlieg, Astrid A1 - van Setten, Jessica A1 - Vasankari, Tuula A1 - Vedantam, Sailaja A1 - Vlachopoulou, Efthymia A1 - Vozzi, Diego A1 - Vuoksimaa, Eero A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Ware, Erin B A1 - Wentworth-Shields, William A1 - Whitfield, John B A1 - Wild, Sarah A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Yajnik, Chittaranjan S A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Zaza, Gianluigi A1 - Zhu, Xiaofeng A1 - Salem, Rany M A1 - Melbye, Mads A1 - Bisgaard, Hans A1 - Samani, Nilesh J A1 - Cusi, Daniele A1 - Mackey, David A A1 - Cooper, Richard S A1 - Froguel, Philippe A1 - Pasterkamp, Gerard A1 - Grant, Struan F A A1 - Hakonarson, Hakon A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Morris, Andrew D A1 - Palmer, Colin N A A1 - Dedoussis, George A1 - Deloukas, Panos A1 - Bertram, Lars A1 - Lindenberger, Ulman A1 - Berndt, Sonja I A1 - Lindgren, Cecilia M A1 - Timpson, Nicholas J A1 - Tönjes, Anke A1 - Munroe, Patricia B A1 - Sørensen, Thorkild I A A1 - Rotimi, Charles N A1 - Arnett, Donna K A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Balkau, Beverley A1 - Gambaro, Giovanni A1 - Morris, Andrew P A1 - Eriksson, Johan G A1 - Wright, Margie J A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Hunt, Steven C A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Griffiths, Lyn R A1 - Tiemeier, Henning A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Kaprio, Jaakko A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Pérusse, Louis A1 - Wilson, James G A1 - Girotto, Giorgia A1 - Caulfield, Mark J A1 - Raitakari, Olli A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - van der Harst, Pim A1 - Hicks, Andrew A A1 - Kraft, Peter A1 - Sinisalo, Juha A1 - Knekt, Paul A1 - Johannesson, Magnus A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Hamsten, Anders A1 - Schmidt, Reinhold A1 - Borecki, Ingrid B A1 - Vartiainen, Erkki A1 - Becker, Diane M A1 - Bharadwaj, Dwaipayan A1 - Mohlke, Karen L A1 - Boehnke, Michael A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Sanghera, Dharambir K A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Zeggini, Eleftheria A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Ober, Carole A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Porteous, David J A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Dupuis, Josée A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Chandak, Giriraj R A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Shuldiner, Alan R A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Sattar, Naveed A1 - Gyllensten, Ulf A1 - North, Kari E A1 - Pirastu, Mario A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Laakso, Markku A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Takahashi, Atsushi A1 - Chambers, John C A1 - Kooner, Jaspal S A1 - Strachan, David P A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Hirschhorn, Joel N A1 - Perola, Markus A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Wilson, James F KW - Biological Evolution KW - Blood Pressure KW - Body Height KW - Cholesterol, LDL KW - Cognition KW - Cohort Studies KW - Educational Status KW - Female KW - Forced Expiratory Volume KW - Genome, Human KW - Homozygote KW - Humans KW - Lung Volume Measurements KW - Male KW - Phenotype AB -Homozygosity has long been associated with rare, often devastating, Mendelian disorders, and Darwin was one of the first to recognize that inbreeding reduces evolutionary fitness. However, the effect of the more distant parental relatedness that is common in modern human populations is less well understood. Genomic data now allow us to investigate the effects of homozygosity on traits of public health importance by observing contiguous homozygous segments (runs of homozygosity), which are inferred to be homozygous along their complete length. Given the low levels of genome-wide homozygosity prevalent in most human populations, information is required on very large numbers of people to provide sufficient power. Here we use runs of homozygosity to study 16 health-related quantitative traits in 354,224 individuals from 102 cohorts, and find statistically significant associations between summed runs of homozygosity and four complex traits: height, forced expiratory lung volume in one second, general cognitive ability and educational attainment (P < 1 × 10(-300), 2.1 × 10(-6), 2.5 × 10(-10) and 1.8 × 10(-10), respectively). In each case, increased homozygosity was associated with decreased trait value, equivalent to the offspring of first cousins being 1.2 cm shorter and having 10 months' less education. Similar effect sizes were found across four continental groups and populations with different degrees of genome-wide homozygosity, providing evidence that homozygosity, rather than confounding, directly contributes to phenotypic variance. Contrary to earlier reports in substantially smaller samples, no evidence was seen of an influence of genome-wide homozygosity on blood pressure and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, or ten other cardio-metabolic traits. Since directional dominance is predicted for traits under directional evolutionary selection, this study provides evidence that increased stature and cognitive function have been positively selected in human evolution, whereas many important risk factors for late-onset complex diseases may not have been.

VL - 523 IS - 7561 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26131930?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Genome-wide association analysis on five isolated populations identifies variants of the HLA-DOA gene associated with white wine liking. JF - Eur J Hum Genet Y1 - 2015 A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Kooyman, Maarten A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Willems, Sara M A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Karssen, Lennart C A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Gasparini, Paolo AB -Wine is the most popular alcoholic beverage around the world and because of its importance in society has been widely studied. Understanding what drives its flavor has been a quest for decades but much is still unknown and will be determined at least in part by individual taste preferences. Recently studies in the genetics of taste have uncovered the role of different genes in the determination of food preferences giving new insight on its physiology. In this context we have performed a genome-wide association study on red and white wine liking using three isolated populations collected in Italy, and replicated our results on two additional populations coming from the Netherland and Central Asia for a total of 3885 samples. We have found a significant association (P=2.1 × 10(-8)) between white wine liking and rs9276975:C>T a polymorphism in the HLA-DOA gene encoding a non-canonical MHC II molecule, which regulates other MHC II molecules. The same association was also found with red wine liking (P=8.3 × 10(-6)). Sex-separated analysis have also revealed that the effect of HLA-DOA is twice as large in women as compared to men suggesting an interaction between this polymorphism and gender. Our results are one of the first examples of genome-wide association between liking of a commonly consumed food and gene variants. Moreover, our results suggest a role of the MHC system in the determination of food preferences opening new insight in this field in general.

VL - 23 IS - 12 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25758996?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Large-scale genomic analyses link reproductive aging to hypothalamic signaling, breast cancer susceptibility and BRCA1-mediated DNA repair. JF - Nat Genet Y1 - 2015 A1 - Day, Felix R A1 - Ruth, Katherine S A1 - Thompson, Deborah J A1 - Lunetta, Kathryn L A1 - Pervjakova, Natalia A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Stolk, Lisette A1 - Finucane, Hilary K A1 - Sulem, Patrick A1 - Bulik-Sullivan, Brendan A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Johnson, Andrew D A1 - Elks, Cathy E A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - He, Chunyan A1 - Altmaier, Elisabeth A1 - Brody, Jennifer A A1 - Franke, Lude L A1 - Huffman, Jennifer E A1 - Keller, Margaux F A1 - McArdle, Patrick F A1 - Nutile, Teresa A1 - Porcu, Eleonora A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Schick, Ursula M A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Vuckovic, Dragana A1 - Yao, Jie A1 - Zhao, Wei A1 - Albrecht, Eva A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Corre, Tanguy A1 - Hottenga, Jouke-Jan A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Tanaka, Toshiko A1 - Abecasis, Goncalo R A1 - Andrulis, Irene L A1 - Anton-Culver, Hoda A1 - Antoniou, Antonis C A1 - Arndt, Volker A1 - Arnold, Alice M A1 - Barbieri, Caterina A1 - Beckmann, Matthias W A1 - Beeghly-Fadiel, Alicia A1 - Benitez, Javier A1 - Bernstein, Leslie A1 - Bielinski, Suzette J A1 - Blomqvist, Carl A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Bogdanova, Natalia V A1 - Bojesen, Stig E A1 - Bolla, Manjeet K A1 - Borresen-Dale, Anne-Lise A1 - Boutin, Thibaud S A1 - Brauch, Hiltrud A1 - Brenner, Hermann A1 - Brüning, Thomas A1 - Burwinkel, Barbara A1 - Campbell, Archie A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Chanock, Stephen J A1 - Chapman, J Ross A1 - Chen, Yii-Der Ida A1 - Chenevix-Trench, Georgia A1 - Couch, Fergus J A1 - Coviello, Andrea D A1 - Cox, Angela A1 - Czene, Kamila A1 - Darabi, Hatef A1 - De Vivo, Immaculata A1 - Demerath, Ellen W A1 - Dennis, Joe A1 - Devilee, Peter A1 - Dörk, Thilo A1 - Dos-Santos-Silva, Isabel A1 - Dunning, Alison M A1 - Eicher, John D A1 - Fasching, Peter A A1 - Faul, Jessica D A1 - Figueroa, Jonine A1 - Flesch-Janys, Dieter A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Garcia, Melissa E A1 - García-Closas, Montserrat A1 - Giles, Graham G A1 - Girotto, Giorgia G A1 - Goldberg, Mark S A1 - González-Neira, Anna A1 - Goodarzi, Mark O A1 - Grove, Megan L A1 - Gudbjartsson, Daniel F A1 - Guenel, Pascal A1 - Guo, Xiuqing A1 - Haiman, Christopher A A1 - Hall, Per A1 - Hamann, Ute A1 - Henderson, Brian E A1 - Hocking, Lynne J A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Homuth, Georg A1 - Hooning, Maartje J A1 - Hopper, John L A1 - Hu, Frank B A1 - Huang, Jinyan A1 - Humphreys, Keith A1 - Hunter, David J A1 - Jakubowska, Anna A1 - Jones, Samuel E A1 - Kabisch, Maria A1 - Karasik, David A1 - Knight, Julia A A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Kooperberg, Charles A1 - Kosma, Veli-Matti A1 - Kriebel, Jennifer A1 - Kristensen, Vessela A1 - Lambrechts, Diether A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Li, Jingmei A1 - Li, Xin A1 - Lindström, Sara A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Lubinski, Jan A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Mannermaa, Arto A1 - Manz, Judith A1 - Margolin, Sara A1 - Marten, Jonathan A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Masciullo, Corrado A1 - Meindl, Alfons A1 - Michailidou, Kyriaki A1 - Mihailov, Evelin A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Milne, Roger L A1 - Müller-Nurasyid, Martina A1 - Nalls, Michael A1 - Neale, Benjamin M A1 - Nevanlinna, Heli A1 - Neven, Patrick A1 - Newman, Anne B A1 - Nordestgaard, Børge G A1 - Olson, Janet E A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Peterlongo, Paolo A1 - Peters, Ulrike A1 - Petersmann, Astrid A1 - Peto, Julian A1 - Pharoah, Paul D P A1 - Pirastu, Nicola N A1 - Pirie, Ailith A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Porteous, David A1 - Psaty, Bruce M A1 - Pylkäs, Katri A1 - Radice, Paolo A1 - Raffel, Leslie J A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Rudolph, Anja A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Sala, Cinzia F A1 - Sanna, Serena A1 - Sawyer, Elinor J A1 - Schlessinger, David A1 - Schmidt, Marjanka K A1 - Schmidt, Frank A1 - Schmutzler, Rita K A1 - Schoemaker, Minouk J A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Seynaeve, Caroline M A1 - Simard, Jacques A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Southey, Melissa C A1 - Stöckl, Doris A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Swerdlow, Anthony A1 - Taylor, Kent D A1 - Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur A1 - Toland, Amanda E A1 - Tomlinson, Ian A1 - Truong, Therese A1 - Tryggvadottir, Laufey A1 - Turner, Stephen T A1 - Vozzi, Diego A1 - Wang, Qin A1 - Wellons, Melissa A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Winqvist, Robert A1 - Wolffenbuttel, Bruce B H R A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Yannoukakos, Drakoulis A1 - Zemunik, Tatijana A1 - Zheng, Wei A1 - Zygmunt, Marek A1 - Bergmann, Sven A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Buring, Julie E A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Alizadeh, Behrooz Z A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Crisponi, Laura A1 - Easton, Douglas F A1 - Gasparini, Paolo P A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Kraft, Peter A1 - McKnight, Barbara A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Rotter, Jerome I A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Weir, David R A1 - Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M A1 - Price, Alkes L A1 - Stefansson, Kari A1 - Visser, Jenny A A1 - Ong, Ken K A1 - Chang-Claude, Jenny A1 - Murabito, Joanne M A1 - Perry, John R B A1 - Murray, Anna AB -Menopause timing has a substantial impact on infertility and risk of disease, including breast cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We report a dual strategy in ∼70,000 women to identify common and low-frequency protein-coding variation associated with age at natural menopause (ANM). We identified 44 regions with common variants, including two regions harboring additional rare missense alleles of large effect. We found enrichment of signals in or near genes involved in delayed puberty, highlighting the first molecular links between the onset and end of reproductive lifespan. Pathway analyses identified major association with DNA damage response (DDR) genes, including the first common coding variant in BRCA1 associated with any complex trait. Mendelian randomization analyses supported a causal effect of later ANM on breast cancer risk (∼6% increase in risk per year; P = 3 × 10(-14)), likely mediated by prolonged sex hormone exposure rather than DDR mechanisms.

VL - 47 IS - 11 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26414677?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Polymorphisms in sweet taste genes (TAS1R2 and GLUT2), sweet liking, and dental caries prevalence in an adult Italian population. JF - Genes Nutr Y1 - 2015 A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Bevilacqua, Lorenzo A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Situlin, Roberta A1 - Di Lenarda, Roberto A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Navarra, Chiara Ottavia AB -The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between sweet taste genes and dental caries prevalence in a large sample of adults. In addition, the association between sweet liking and sugar intake with dental caries was investigated. Caries was measured by the decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT) index in 647 Caucasian subjects (285 males and 362 females, aged 18-65 years), coming from six villages in northeastern Italy. Sweet liking was assessed using a 9-point scale, and the mean of the liking given by each individual to specific sweet food and beverages was used to create a sweet liking score. Simple sugar consumption was estimated by a dietary history interview, considering both added sugars and sugar present naturally in foods. Our study confirmed that polymorphisms in TAS1R2 and GLUT2 genes are related to DMFT index. In particular, GG homozygous individuals for rs3935570 in TAS1R2 gene (p value = 0.0117) and GG homozygous individuals for rs1499821 in GLUT2 gene (p value = 0.0273) showed higher DMFT levels compared to both heterozygous and homozygous for the alternative allele. Furthermore, while the relationship sugar intake-DMFT did not achieve statistical significance (p value = 0.075), a significant association was identified between sweet liking and DMFT (p value = 0.004), independent of other variables. Our study showed that sweet taste genetic factors contribute to caries prevalence and highlighted the role of sweet liking as a predictor of caries risk. Therefore, these results may open new perspectives for individual risk identification and implementation of target preventive strategies, such as identifying high-risk patients before caries development.

VL - 10 IS - 5 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26268603?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Rare coding variants and X-linked loci associated with age at menarche. JF - Nat Commun Y1 - 2015 A1 - Lunetta, Kathryn L A1 - Day, Felix R A1 - Sulem, Patrick A1 - Ruth, Katherine S A1 - Tung, Joyce Y A1 - Hinds, David A A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Elks, Cathy E A1 - Altmaier, Elisabeth A1 - He, Chunyan A1 - Huffman, Jennifer E A1 - Mihailov, Evelin A1 - Porcu, Eleonora A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Schick, Ursula M A1 - Stolk, Lisette A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Thompson, Deborah J A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Wang, Carol A A1 - Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M A1 - Antoniou, Antonis C A1 - Barbieri, Caterina A1 - Coviello, Andrea D A1 - Cucca, Francesco A1 - Demerath, Ellen W A1 - Dunning, Alison M A1 - Gandin, Ilaria A1 - Grove, Megan L A1 - Gudbjartsson, Daniel F A1 - Hocking, Lynne J A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Huang, Jinyan A1 - Jackson, Rebecca D A1 - Karasik, David A1 - Kriebel, Jennifer A1 - Lange, Ethan M A1 - Lange, Leslie A A1 - Langenberg, Claudia A1 - Li, Xin A1 - Luan, Jian'an A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Morrison, Alanna C A1 - Padmanabhan, Sandosh A1 - Pirie, Ailith A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Porteous, David A1 - Reiner, Alex P A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Sala, Cinzia F A1 - Schlessinger, David A1 - Scott, Robert A A1 - Stöckl, Doris A1 - Visser, Jenny A A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Vozzi, Diego A1 - Wilson, James G A1 - Zygmunt, Marek A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Buring, Julie E A1 - Crisponi, Laura A1 - Easton, Douglas F A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Hu, Frank B A1 - Liu, Simin A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Pennell, Craig E A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Strauch, Konstantin A1 - Streeten, Elizabeth A A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Wellons, Melissa A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur A1 - Murray, Anna A1 - Stefansson, Kari A1 - Murabito, Joanne M A1 - Ong, Ken K A1 - Perry, John R B AB -More than 100 loci have been identified for age at menarche by genome-wide association studies; however, collectively these explain only ∼3% of the trait variance. Here we test two overlooked sources of variation in 192,974 European ancestry women: low-frequency protein-coding variants and X-chromosome variants. Five missense/nonsense variants (in ALMS1/LAMB2/TNRC6A/TACR3/PRKAG1) are associated with age at menarche (minor allele frequencies 0.08-4.6%; effect sizes 0.08-1.25 years per allele; P<5 × 10(-8)). In addition, we identify common X-chromosome loci at IGSF1 (rs762080, P=9.4 × 10(-13)) and FAAH2 (rs5914101, P=4.9 × 10(-10)). Highlighted genes implicate cellular energy homeostasis, post-transcriptional gene silencing and fatty-acid amide signalling. A frequently reported mutation in TACR3 for idiopathic hypogonatrophic hypogonadism (p.W275X) is associated with 1.25-year-later menarche (P=2.8 × 10(-11)), illustrating the utility of population studies to estimate the penetrance of reportedly pathogenic mutations. Collectively, these novel variants explain ∼0.5% variance, indicating that these overlooked sources of variation do not substantially explain the 'missing heritability' of this complex trait.

VL - 6 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26239645?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Association analysis of bitter receptor genes in five isolated populations identifies a significant correlation between TAS2R43 variants and coffee liking. JF - PLoS One Y1 - 2014 A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Kooyman, Maarten A1 - Traglia, Michela A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Willems, Sara M A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - d'Adamo, Pio A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - D'Eustacchio, Angela A1 - Navarini, Luciano A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Karssen, Lennart C A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Gasparini, Paolo KW - Coffee KW - Genetic Association Studies KW - Humans KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled KW - Taste AB -Coffee, one of the most popular beverages in the world, contains many different physiologically active compounds with a potential impact on people's health. Despite the recent attention given to the genetic basis of its consumption, very little has been done in understanding genes influencing coffee preference among different individuals. Given its markedly bitter taste, we decided to verify if bitter receptor genes (TAS2Rs) variants affect coffee liking. In this light, 4066 people from different parts of Europe and Central Asia filled in a field questionnaire on coffee liking. They have been consequently recruited and included in the study. Eighty-eight SNPs covering the 25 TAS2R genes were selected from the available imputed ones and used to run association analysis for coffee liking. A significant association was detected with three SNP: one synonymous and two functional variants (W35S and H212R) on the TAS2R43 gene. Both variants have been shown to greatly reduce in vitro protein activity. Surprisingly the wild type allele, which corresponds to the functional form of the protein, is associated to higher liking of coffee. Since the hTAS2R43 receptor is sensible to caffeine, we verified if the detected variants produced differences in caffeine bitter perception on a subsample of people coming from the FVG cohort. We found a significant association between differences in caffeine perception and the H212R variant but not with the W35S, which suggests that the effect of the TAS2R43 gene on coffee liking is mediated by caffeine and in particular by the H212R variant. No other significant association was found with other TAS2R genes. In conclusion, the present study opens new perspectives in the understanding of coffee liking. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of the TAS2R43 gene in coffee hedonics and to identify which other genes and pathways are involved in its genetics.

VL - 9 IS - 3 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24647340?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - DNA mismatch repair gene MSH6 implicated in determining age at natural menopause. JF - Hum Mol Genet Y1 - 2014 A1 - Perry, John R B A1 - Hsu, Yi-Hsiang A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Johnson, Andrew D A1 - Elks, Cathy A1 - Albrecht, Eva A1 - Andrulis, Irene L A1 - Beesley, Jonathan A1 - Berenson, Gerald S A1 - Bergmann, Sven A1 - Bojesen, Stig E A1 - Bolla, Manjeet K A1 - Brown, Judith A1 - Buring, Julie E A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Chang-Claude, Jenny A1 - Chenevix-Trench, Georgia A1 - Corre, Tanguy A1 - Couch, Fergus J A1 - Cox, Angela A1 - Czene, Kamila A1 - d'Adamo, Adamo Pio A1 - Davies, Gail A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Dennis, Joe A1 - Easton, Douglas F A1 - Engelhardt, Ellen G A1 - Eriksson, Johan G A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Fasching, Peter A A1 - Figueroa, Jonine D A1 - Flyger, Henrik A1 - Fraser, Abigail A1 - Garcia-Closas, Montse A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Giles, Graham A1 - Guenel, Pascal A1 - Hägg, Sara A1 - Hall, Per A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Hopper, John A1 - Ingelsson, Erik A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Kasiman, Katherine A1 - Knight, Julia A A1 - Lahti, Jari A1 - Lawlor, Debbie A A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K E A1 - Margolin, Sara A1 - Marsh, Julie A A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Olson, Janet E A1 - Pennell, Craig E A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Rahman, Iffat A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Rudolph, Anja A1 - Salumets, Andres A1 - Schmidt, Marjanka K A1 - Schoemaker, Minouk J A1 - Smith, Erin N A1 - Smith, Jennifer A A1 - Southey, Melissa A1 - Stöckl, Doris A1 - Swerdlow, Anthony J A1 - Thompson, Deborah J A1 - Truong, Therese A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Wang, Qin A1 - Wild, Sarah A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Zgaga, Lina A1 - Ong, Ken K A1 - Murabito, Joanne M A1 - Karasik, David A1 - Murray, Anna KW - Age Factors KW - DNA-Binding Proteins KW - Female KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Humans KW - Menopause KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide AB -The length of female reproductive lifespan is associated with multiple adverse outcomes, including breast cancer, cardiovascular disease and infertility. The biological processes that govern the timing of the beginning and end of reproductive life are not well understood. Genetic variants are known to contribute to ∼50% of the variation in both age at menarche and menopause, but to date the known genes explain <15% of the genetic component. We have used genome-wide association in a bivariate meta-analysis of both traits to identify genes involved in determining reproductive lifespan. We observed significant genetic correlation between the two traits using genome-wide complex trait analysis. However, we found no robust statistical evidence for individual variants with an effect on both traits. A novel association with age at menopause was detected for a variant rs1800932 in the mismatch repair gene MSH6 (P = 1.9 × 10(-9)), which was also associated with altered expression levels of MSH6 mRNA in multiple tissues. This study contributes to the growing evidence that DNA repair processes play a key role in ovarian ageing and could be an important therapeutic target for infertility.

VL - 23 IS - 9 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24357391?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Parent-of-origin-specific allelic associations among 106 genomic loci for age at menarche. JF - Nature Y1 - 2014 A1 - Perry, John R B A1 - Day, Felix A1 - Elks, Cathy E A1 - Sulem, Patrick A1 - Thompson, Deborah J A1 - Ferreira, Teresa A1 - He, Chunyan A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Thorleifsson, Gudmar A1 - Albrecht, Eva A1 - Ang, Wei Q A1 - Corre, Tanguy A1 - Cousminer, Diana L A1 - Feenstra, Bjarke A1 - Franceschini, Nora A1 - Ganna, Andrea A1 - Johnson, Andrew D A1 - Kjellqvist, Sanela A1 - Lunetta, Kathryn L A1 - McMahon, George A1 - Nolte, Ilja M A1 - Paternoster, Lavinia A1 - Porcu, Eleonora A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - Stolk, Lisette A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Tšernikova, Natalia A1 - Tikkanen, Emmi A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Wagner, Erin K A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Bierut, Laura J A1 - Byrne, Enda M A1 - Hottenga, Jouke-Jan A1 - Koller, Daniel L A1 - Mangino, Massimo A1 - Pers, Tune H A1 - Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M A1 - Hua Zhao, Jing A1 - Andrulis, Irene L A1 - Anton-Culver, Hoda A1 - Atsma, Femke A1 - Bandinelli, Stefania A1 - Beckmann, Matthias W A1 - Benitez, Javier A1 - Blomqvist, Carl A1 - Bojesen, Stig E A1 - Bolla, Manjeet K A1 - Bonanni, Bernardo A1 - Brauch, Hiltrud A1 - Brenner, Hermann A1 - Buring, Julie E A1 - Chang-Claude, Jenny A1 - Chanock, Stephen A1 - Chen, Jinhui A1 - Chenevix-Trench, Georgia A1 - Collée, J Margriet A1 - Couch, Fergus J A1 - Couper, David A1 - Coviello, Andrea D A1 - Cox, Angela A1 - Czene, Kamila A1 - d'Adamo, Adamo Pio A1 - Davey Smith, George A1 - De Vivo, Immaculata A1 - Demerath, Ellen W A1 - Dennis, Joe A1 - Devilee, Peter A1 - Dieffenbach, Aida K A1 - Dunning, Alison M A1 - Eiriksdottir, Gudny A1 - Eriksson, Johan G A1 - Fasching, Peter A A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Flesch-Janys, Dieter A1 - Flyger, Henrik A1 - Foroud, Tatiana A1 - Franke, Lude A1 - Garcia, Melissa E A1 - García-Closas, Montserrat A1 - Geller, Frank A1 - de Geus, Eco E J A1 - Giles, Graham G A1 - Gudbjartsson, Daniel F A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Guenel, Pascal A1 - Guo, Suiqun A1 - Hall, Per A1 - Hamann, Ute A1 - Haring, Robin A1 - Hartman, Catharina A A1 - Heath, Andrew C A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Hooning, Maartje J A1 - Hopper, John L A1 - Hu, Frank B A1 - Hunter, David J A1 - Karasik, David A1 - Kiel, Douglas P A1 - Knight, Julia A A1 - Kosma, Veli-Matti A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Lai, Sandra A1 - Lambrechts, Diether A1 - Lindblom, Annika A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Magnusson, Patrik K A1 - Mannermaa, Arto A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Masson, Gisli A1 - McArdle, Patrick F A1 - McArdle, Wendy L A1 - Melbye, Mads A1 - Michailidou, Kyriaki A1 - Mihailov, Evelin A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Milne, Roger L A1 - Nevanlinna, Heli A1 - Neven, Patrick A1 - Nohr, Ellen A A1 - Oldehinkel, Albertine J A1 - Oostra, Ben A A1 - Palotie, Aarno A1 - Peacock, Munro A1 - Pedersen, Nancy L A1 - Peterlongo, Paolo A1 - Peto, Julian A1 - Pharoah, Paul D P A1 - Postma, Dirkje S A1 - Pouta, Anneli A1 - Pylkäs, Katri A1 - Radice, Paolo A1 - Ring, Susan A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Rose, Lynda M A1 - Rudolph, Anja A1 - Salomaa, Veikko A1 - Sanna, Serena A1 - Schlessinger, David A1 - Schmidt, Marjanka K A1 - Southey, Mellissa C A1 - Sovio, Ulla A1 - Stampfer, Meir J A1 - Stöckl, Doris A1 - Storniolo, Anna M A1 - Timpson, Nicholas J A1 - Tyrer, Jonathan A1 - Visser, Jenny A A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Waeber, Gerard A1 - Waldenberger, Melanie A1 - Wallaschofski, Henri A1 - Wang, Qin A1 - Willemsen, Gonneke A1 - Winqvist, Robert A1 - Wolffenbuttel, Bruce H R A1 - Wright, Margaret J A1 - Boomsma, Dorret I A1 - Econs, Michael J A1 - Khaw, Kay-Tee A1 - Loos, Ruth J F A1 - McCarthy, Mark I A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Rice, John P A1 - Streeten, Elizabeth A A1 - Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Alizadeh, Behrooz Z A1 - Bergmann, Sven A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Boyd, Heather A A1 - Crisponi, Laura A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Ingelsson, Erik A1 - Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta A1 - Kraft, Peter A1 - Lawlor, Debbie A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Pennell, Craig E A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Snieder, Harold A1 - Sørensen, Thorkild I A A1 - Spector, Tim D A1 - Strachan, David P A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Wareham, Nicholas J A1 - Widen, Elisabeth A1 - Zygmunt, Marek A1 - Murray, Anna A1 - Easton, Douglas F A1 - Stefansson, Kari A1 - Murabito, Joanne M A1 - Ong, Ken K KW - Adolescent KW - Age Factors KW - Alleles KW - Body Mass Index KW - Breast Neoplasms KW - Cardiovascular Diseases KW - Child KW - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 KW - Europe KW - Female KW - Genetic Loci KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Genomic Imprinting KW - Humans KW - Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System KW - Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins KW - Male KW - Membrane Proteins KW - Menarche KW - Obesity KW - Ovary KW - Parents KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Potassium Channels, Tandem Pore Domain KW - Proteins KW - Quantitative Trait Loci KW - Receptors, GABA-B KW - Receptors, Retinoic Acid KW - Ribonucleoproteins AB -Age at menarche is a marker of timing of puberty in females. It varies widely between individuals, is a heritable trait and is associated with risks for obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, breast cancer and all-cause mortality. Studies of rare human disorders of puberty and animal models point to a complex hypothalamic-pituitary-hormonal regulation, but the mechanisms that determine pubertal timing and underlie its links to disease risk remain unclear. Here, using genome-wide and custom-genotyping arrays in up to 182,416 women of European descent from 57 studies, we found robust evidence (P < 5 × 10(-8)) for 123 signals at 106 genomic loci associated with age at menarche. Many loci were associated with other pubertal traits in both sexes, and there was substantial overlap with genes implicated in body mass index and various diseases, including rare disorders of puberty. Menarche signals were enriched in imprinted regions, with three loci (DLK1-WDR25, MKRN3-MAGEL2 and KCNK9) demonstrating parent-of-origin-specific associations concordant with known parental expression patterns. Pathway analyses implicated nuclear hormone receptors, particularly retinoic acid and γ-aminobutyric acid-B2 receptor signalling, among novel mechanisms that regulate pubertal timing in humans. Our findings suggest a genetic architecture involving at least hundreds of common variants in the coordinated timing of the pubertal transition.

VL - 514 IS - 7520 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25231870?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A population-based approach to study the impact of PROP perception on food liking in populations along the Silk Road. JF - PLoS One Y1 - 2014 A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Mezzavilla, Massimo A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Dognini, Maddalena A1 - Tepper, Beverly J A1 - Gasparini, Paolo KW - Armenia KW - Azerbaijan KW - Food KW - Genetic Association Studies KW - Genotype KW - Haplotypes KW - Humans KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Propylthiouracil KW - Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled KW - Tajikistan KW - Taste KW - Taste Perception KW - Uzbekistan AB -Taste is one of the main factors determining food choices. Differences in PROP bitter taste perception have been implicated in individual differences in food preferences and selection. The present study examined associations between, PROP phenotypes, self-reported food liking and TAS2R38 polymorphisms, the major gene implicated in PROP bitterness, in six different populations of the Caucasus and Central Asia, located along the ancient Silk Road. Differences in the distribution of PROP phenotypes across populations were detected, with a higher frequency of super tasters in Tajikistan (31.3%) and Armenia (39.0%) and a higher frequency of non tasters in Georgia (50.9%). While no relationships were observed between PROP phenotypes and food liking using standard statistical tests, we used an approach based on comparison of distance matrices derived from these data. The first matrix compared the food liking ratings of each population to all others pairwise using the Kruskal-Wallis test (at p<0.00063), and the second one compared the distribution of PROP phenotypes across all populations in a similar manner calculating the chi-square statistic as a distance measure. A strong correlation between the two matrices was found (Mantel test: r = 0.67, p-value = 0.03), suggesting that the pattern of food liking across populations was closely related to the distribution of PROP phenotypes. This same relationship was not observed when TAS2R38 genotypes were substituted for PROP phenotypes in this analysis. Our data suggest that a population-based approach utilizing distance matrices is a useful technique for detecting PROP-related differences in food liking and can be applied to other taste phenotypes.

VL - 9 IS - 3 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24626196?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Evidence of inbreeding depression on human height. JF - PLoS Genet Y1 - 2012 A1 - McQuillan, Ruth A1 - Eklund, Niina A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Kuningas, Maris A1 - McEvoy, Brian P A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Corre, Tanguy A1 - Davies, Gail A1 - Kaakinen, Marika A1 - Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka A1 - Kristiansson, Kati A1 - Havulinna, Aki S A1 - Gögele, Martin A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Tenesa, Albert A1 - Aulchenko, Yurii A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Johansson, Åsa A1 - Boban, Mladen A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Boraska, Vesna A1 - Igl, Wilmar A1 - Wild, Sarah H A1 - Zgaga, Lina A1 - Amin, Najaf A1 - Theodoratou, Evropi A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Girotto, Giorgia A1 - Lopez, Lorna M A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Lahti, Jari A1 - Laatikainen, Tiina A1 - Prokopenko, Inga A1 - Kals, Mart A1 - Viikari, Jorma A1 - Yang, Jian A1 - Pouta, Anneli A1 - Estrada, Karol A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Freimer, Nelson A1 - Martin, Nicholas G A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Milani, Lili A1 - Heliövaara, Markku A1 - Vartiainen, Erkki A1 - Räikkönen, Katri A1 - Masciullo, Corrado A1 - Starr, John M A1 - Hicks, Andrew A A1 - Esposito, Laura A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Farrington, Susan M A1 - Oostra, Ben A1 - Zemunik, Tatijana A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Kirin, Mirna A1 - Pehlic, Marina A1 - Faletra, Flavio A1 - Porteous, David A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Widen, Elisabeth A1 - Salomaa, Veikko A1 - Koskinen, Seppo A1 - Fischer, Krista A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Heath, Andrew A1 - McCarthy, Mark I A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Montgomery, Grant W A1 - Tiemeier, Henning A1 - Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa A1 - Madden, Pamela A F A1 - d'Adamo, Pio A1 - Hastie, Nicholas D A1 - Gyllensten, Ulf A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Dunlop, Malcolm A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Pramstaller, Peter P A1 - Deary, Ian J A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Eriksson, Johan G A1 - Jula, Antti A1 - Raitakari, Olli T A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Perola, Markus A1 - Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta A1 - Uitterlinden, André A1 - Visscher, Peter M A1 - Wilson, James F KW - Adult KW - Aged KW - Body Height KW - Consanguinity KW - Databases, Genetic KW - Family KW - Female KW - Genes, Recessive KW - Genetic Heterogeneity KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Homozygote KW - Humans KW - Male KW - Middle Aged KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Quantitative Trait, Heritable AB -Stature is a classical and highly heritable complex trait, with 80%-90% of variation explained by genetic factors. In recent years, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have successfully identified many common additive variants influencing human height; however, little attention has been given to the potential role of recessive genetic effects. Here, we investigated genome-wide recessive effects by an analysis of inbreeding depression on adult height in over 35,000 people from 21 different population samples. We found a highly significant inverse association between height and genome-wide homozygosity, equivalent to a height reduction of up to 3 cm in the offspring of first cousins compared with the offspring of unrelated individuals, an effect which remained after controlling for the effects of socio-economic status, an important confounder (χ(2) = 83.89, df = 1; p = 5.2 × 10(-20)). There was, however, a high degree of heterogeneity among populations: whereas the direction of the effect was consistent across most population samples, the effect size differed significantly among populations. It is likely that this reflects true biological heterogeneity: whether or not an effect can be observed will depend on both the variance in homozygosity in the population and the chance inheritance of individual recessive genotypes. These results predict that multiple, rare, recessive variants influence human height. Although this exploratory work focuses on height alone, the methodology developed is generally applicable to heritable quantitative traits (QT), paving the way for an investigation into inbreeding effects, and therefore genetic architecture, on a range of QT of biomedical importance.

VL - 8 IS - 7 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22829771?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Genetics of food preferences: a first view from silk road populations. JF - J Food Sci Y1 - 2012 A1 - Pirastu, Nicola A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Lanzara, Carmela A1 - Athanasakis, Emmanouil A1 - Esposito, Laura A1 - Tepper, Beverly J A1 - Gasparini, Paolo KW - Adolescent KW - Adult KW - Aged KW - Aged, 80 and over KW - Azerbaijan KW - Child KW - Choice Behavior KW - Cohort Studies KW - Female KW - Food Habits KW - Food Preferences KW - Gene Frequency KW - Genotype KW - Georgia KW - Humans KW - Kazakhstan KW - Linear Models KW - Male KW - Middle Aged KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide KW - Quantitative Trait Loci KW - Questionnaires KW - Tajikistan KW - Taste KW - Uzbekistan KW - Young Adult AB -Food preferences are the main factor driving food intake and choice. There are good reasons to suspect some genetic influence on food acceptance, not least because genetic factors are implicated in a number of factors that are likely to be related to food choice. In addition, some food dislikes show themselves early in life, before there is any evidence for aversive experiences. Although taste has been widely studied in regards of pure tastes such as bitter or sweet perception, the relationship between taste-related genes and food preferences has seldom been explored. In this work we investigated relationship of 37 taste-related genes with food preferences. The study was carried out during a scientific expedition through Caucasus and Central Asia (Silk Road) analyzing more than 400 samples from 5 different countries. A food preference questionnaire was administered to each participant and a DNA sample was obtained. Other information, such as age, sex, life style and anthropometrical measures, were also collected. We found significant associations with variants of: (1) TAS1R2 [Correction added after initial online publication on 27 Aug 2012. TAS1R3 was changed to TAS1R2.] gene and liking of Vodka (P= 1.6 × 10(-3)), white wine (P= 4.0 × 10(-4)) and lamb meat (P= 1.6 × 10(-3)); (2) PCLB2 gene and preference for Hot Tea (P= 8.0 × 10(-4)); (3) TPRV1 gene and beet liking (P= 3.8 × 10(-5)); and (4) ITPR3 gene and liking of both lamb meat (5.8 × 10(-4)) and sheep cheese (8.9×10(-4)). These findings give a new insight on a better understanding, of genetic factors influencing food preferences which is critical to the development of effective dietary interventions, especially for people that may be genetically not predisposed for liking specific nutrients.

VL - 77 IS - 12 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22888812?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Genome-wide association and functional follow-up reveals new loci for kidney function. JF - PLoS Genet Y1 - 2012 A1 - Pattaro, Cristian A1 - Köttgen, Anna A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Garnaas, Maija A1 - Böger, Carsten A A1 - Fuchsberger, Christian A1 - Olden, Matthias A1 - Chen, Ming-Huei A1 - Tin, Adrienne A1 - Taliun, Daniel A1 - Li, Man A1 - Gao, Xiaoyi A1 - Gorski, Mathias A1 - Yang, Qiong A1 - Hundertmark, Claudia A1 - Foster, Meredith C A1 - O'Seaghdha, Conall M A1 - Glazer, Nicole A1 - Isaacs, Aaron A1 - Liu, Ching-Ti A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - O'Connell, Jeffrey R A1 - Struchalin, Maksim A1 - Tanaka, Toshiko A1 - Li, Guo A1 - Johnson, Andrew D A1 - Gierman, Hinco J A1 - Feitosa, Mary A1 - Hwang, Shih-Jen A1 - Atkinson, Elizabeth J A1 - Lohman, Kurt A1 - Cornelis, Marilyn C A1 - Johansson, Åsa A1 - Tönjes, Anke A1 - Dehghan, Abbas A1 - Chouraki, Vincent A1 - Holliday, Elizabeth G A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Deshmukh, Harshal A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Chu, Audrey Y A1 - Murgia, Federico A1 - Trompet, Stella A1 - Imboden, Medea A1 - Kollerits, Barbara A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Aspelund, Thor A1 - Eiriksdottir, Gudny A1 - Mitchell, Braxton D A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Schmidt, Helena A1 - Cavalieri, Margherita A1 - Rao, Madhumathi A1 - Hu, Frank B A1 - Demirkan, Ayse A1 - Oostra, Ben A A1 - de Andrade, Mariza A1 - Turner, Stephen T A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Andrews, Jeanette S A1 - Freedman, Barry I A1 - Koenig, Wolfgang A1 - Illig, Thomas A1 - Döring, Angela A1 - Wichmann, H-Erich A1 - Kolcic, Ivana A1 - Zemunik, Tatijana A1 - Boban, Mladen A1 - Minelli, Cosetta A1 - Wheeler, Heather E A1 - Igl, Wilmar A1 - Zaboli, Ghazal A1 - Wild, Sarah H A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Ellinghaus, David A1 - Nöthlings, Ute A1 - Jacobs, Gunnar A1 - Biffar, Reiner A1 - Endlich, Karlhans A1 - Ernst, Florian A1 - Homuth, Georg A1 - Kroemer, Heyo K A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Stracke, Sylvia A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Kovacs, Peter A1 - Stumvoll, Michael A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Aulchenko, Yurii S A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Hastie, Nick A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Helmer, Catherine A1 - Wang, Jie Jin A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Bergmann, Sven A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Viikari, Jorma A1 - Nikopensius, Tiit A1 - Province, Michael A1 - Ketkar, Shamika A1 - Colhoun, Helen A1 - Doney, Alex A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Giulianini, Franco A1 - Krämer, Bernhard K A1 - Portas, Laura A1 - Ford, Ian A1 - Buckley, Brendan M A1 - Adam, Martin A1 - Thun, Gian-Andri A1 - Paulweber, Bernhard A1 - Haun, Margot A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Metzger, Marie A1 - Mitchell, Paul A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Kim, Stuart K A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Raitakari, Olli A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Palmer, Colin A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Pirastu, Mario A1 - Jukema, J Wouter A1 - Probst-Hensch, Nicole M A1 - Kronenberg, Florian A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Shuldiner, Alan R A1 - Coresh, Josef A1 - Schmidt, Reinhold A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Siscovick, David S A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Borecki, Ingrid A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Curhan, Gary C A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Gyllensten, Ulf A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Franke, Andre A1 - Pramstaller, Peter P A1 - Rettig, Rainer A1 - Prokopenko, Inga A1 - Witteman, Jacqueline C M A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Ridker, Paul A1 - Parsa, Afshin A1 - Bochud, Murielle A1 - Heid, Iris M A1 - Goessling, Wolfram A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Kao, W H Linda A1 - Fox, Caroline S KW - African Americans KW - Aged KW - Animals KW - Caspase 9 KW - Cyclin-Dependent Kinases KW - DEAD-box RNA Helicases KW - DNA Helicases KW - European Continental Ancestry Group KW - Female KW - Follow-Up Studies KW - Gene Knockdown Techniques KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Glomerular Filtration Rate KW - Humans KW - Kidney KW - Kidney Failure, Chronic KW - Male KW - Middle Aged KW - Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases KW - Zebrafish AB -Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important public health problem with a genetic component. We performed genome-wide association studies in up to 130,600 European ancestry participants overall, and stratified for key CKD risk factors. We uncovered 6 new loci in association with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), the primary clinical measure of CKD, in or near MPPED2, DDX1, SLC47A1, CDK12, CASP9, and INO80. Morpholino knockdown of mpped2 and casp9 in zebrafish embryos revealed podocyte and tubular abnormalities with altered dextran clearance, suggesting a role for these genes in renal function. By providing new insights into genes that regulate renal function, these results could further our understanding of the pathogenesis of CKD.

VL - 8 IS - 3 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22479191?dopt=Abstract ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Integration of genome-wide association studies with biological knowledge identifies six novel genes related to kidney function. JF - Hum Mol Genet Y1 - 2012 A1 - Chasman, Daniel I A1 - Fuchsberger, Christian A1 - Pattaro, Cristian A1 - Teumer, Alexander A1 - Böger, Carsten A A1 - Endlich, Karlhans A1 - Olden, Matthias A1 - Chen, Ming-Huei A1 - Tin, Adrienne A1 - Taliun, Daniel A1 - Li, Man A1 - Gao, Xiaoyi A1 - Gorski, Mathias A1 - Yang, Qiong A1 - Hundertmark, Claudia A1 - Foster, Meredith C A1 - O'Seaghdha, Conall M A1 - Glazer, Nicole A1 - Isaacs, Aaron A1 - Liu, Ching-Ti A1 - Smith, Albert V A1 - O'Connell, Jeffrey R A1 - Struchalin, Maksim A1 - Tanaka, Toshiko A1 - Li, Guo A1 - Johnson, Andrew D A1 - Gierman, Hinco J A1 - Feitosa, Mary F A1 - Hwang, Shih-Jen A1 - Atkinson, Elizabeth J A1 - Lohman, Kurt A1 - Cornelis, Marilyn C A1 - Johansson, Åsa A1 - Tönjes, Anke A1 - Dehghan, Abbas A1 - Lambert, Jean-Charles A1 - Holliday, Elizabeth G A1 - Sorice, Rossella A1 - Kutalik, Zoltán A1 - Lehtimäki, Terho A1 - Esko, Tõnu A1 - Deshmukh, Harshal A1 - Ulivi, Sheila A1 - Chu, Audrey Y A1 - Murgia, Federico A1 - Trompet, Stella A1 - Imboden, Medea A1 - Coassin, Stefan A1 - Pistis, Giorgio A1 - Harris, Tamara B A1 - Launer, Lenore J A1 - Aspelund, Thor A1 - Eiriksdottir, Gudny A1 - Mitchell, Braxton D A1 - Boerwinkle, Eric A1 - Schmidt, Helena A1 - Cavalieri, Margherita A1 - Rao, Madhumathi A1 - Hu, Frank A1 - Demirkan, Ayse A1 - Oostra, Ben A A1 - de Andrade, Mariza A1 - Turner, Stephen T A1 - Ding, Jingzhong A1 - Andrews, Jeanette S A1 - Freedman, Barry I A1 - Giulianini, Franco A1 - Koenig, Wolfgang A1 - Illig, Thomas A1 - Meisinger, Christa A1 - Gieger, Christian A1 - Zgaga, Lina A1 - Zemunik, Tatijana A1 - Boban, Mladen A1 - Minelli, Cosetta A1 - Wheeler, Heather E A1 - Igl, Wilmar A1 - Zaboli, Ghazal A1 - Wild, Sarah H A1 - Wright, Alan F A1 - Campbell, Harry A1 - Ellinghaus, David A1 - Nöthlings, Ute A1 - Jacobs, Gunnar A1 - Biffar, Reiner A1 - Ernst, Florian A1 - Homuth, Georg A1 - Kroemer, Heyo K A1 - Nauck, Matthias A1 - Stracke, Sylvia A1 - Völker, Uwe A1 - Völzke, Henry A1 - Kovacs, Peter A1 - Stumvoll, Michael A1 - Mägi, Reedik A1 - Hofman, Albert A1 - Uitterlinden, André G A1 - Rivadeneira, Fernando A1 - Aulchenko, Yurii S A1 - Polasek, Ozren A1 - Hastie, Nick A1 - Vitart, Veronique A1 - Helmer, Catherine A1 - Wang, Jie Jin A1 - Stengel, Bénédicte A1 - Ruggiero, Daniela A1 - Bergmann, Sven A1 - Kähönen, Mika A1 - Viikari, Jorma A1 - Nikopensius, Tiit A1 - Province, Michael A1 - Ketkar, Shamika A1 - Colhoun, Helen A1 - Doney, Alex A1 - Robino, Antonietta A1 - Krämer, Bernhard K A1 - Portas, Laura A1 - Ford, Ian A1 - Buckley, Brendan M A1 - Adam, Martin A1 - Thun, Gian-Andri A1 - Paulweber, Bernhard A1 - Haun, Margot A1 - Sala, Cinzia A1 - Mitchell, Paul A1 - Ciullo, Marina A1 - Kim, Stuart K A1 - Vollenweider, Peter A1 - Raitakari, Olli A1 - Metspalu, Andres A1 - Palmer, Colin A1 - Gasparini, Paolo A1 - Pirastu, Mario A1 - Jukema, J Wouter A1 - Probst-Hensch, Nicole M A1 - Kronenberg, Florian A1 - Toniolo, Daniela A1 - Gudnason, Vilmundur A1 - Shuldiner, Alan R A1 - Coresh, Josef A1 - Schmidt, Reinhold A1 - Ferrucci, Luigi A1 - Siscovick, David S A1 - van Duijn, Cornelia M A1 - Borecki, Ingrid B A1 - Kardia, Sharon L R A1 - Liu, Yongmei A1 - Curhan, Gary C A1 - Rudan, Igor A1 - Gyllensten, Ulf A1 - Wilson, James F A1 - Franke, Andre A1 - Pramstaller, Peter P A1 - Rettig, Rainer A1 - Prokopenko, Inga A1 - Witteman, Jacqueline A1 - Hayward, Caroline A1 - Ridker, Paul M A1 - Parsa, Afshin A1 - Bochud, Murielle A1 - Heid, Iris M A1 - Kao, W H Linda A1 - Fox, Caroline S A1 - Köttgen, Anna KW - Amino Acid Transport Systems, Basic KW - Antigens, CD98 Heavy Chain KW - Genetic Predisposition to Disease KW - Genome-Wide Association Study KW - Glomerular Filtration Rate KW - Humans KW - Inhibin-beta Subunits KW - Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins KW - Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-2 KW - Membrane Proteins KW - Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide AB -In conducting genome-wide association studies (GWAS), analytical approaches leveraging biological information may further understanding of the pathophysiology of clinical traits. To discover novel associations with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a measure of kidney function, we developed a strategy for integrating prior biological knowledge into the existing GWAS data for eGFR from the CKDGen Consortium. Our strategy focuses on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) in genes that are connected by functional evidence, determined by literature mining and gene ontology (GO) hierarchies, to genes near previously validated eGFR associations. It then requires association thresholds consistent with multiple testing, and finally evaluates novel candidates by independent replication. Among the samples of European ancestry, we identified a genome-wide significant SNP in FBXL20 (P = 5.6 × 10(-9)) in meta-analysis of all available data, and additional SNPs at the INHBC, LRP2, PLEKHA1, SLC3A2 and SLC7A6 genes meeting multiple-testing corrected significance for replication and overall P-values of 4.5 × 10(-4)-2.2 × 10(-7). Neither the novel PLEKHA1 nor FBXL20 associations, both further supported by association with eGFR among African Americans and with transcript abundance, would have been implicated by eGFR candidate gene approaches. LRP2, encoding the megalin receptor, was identified through connection with the previously known eGFR gene DAB2 and extends understanding of the megalin system in kidney function. These findings highlight integration of existing genome-wide association data with independent biological knowledge to uncover novel candidate eGFR associations, including candidates lacking known connections to kidney-specific pathways. The strategy may also be applicable to other clinical phenotypes, although more testing will be needed to assess its potential for discovery in general.

VL - 21 IS - 24 U1 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22962313?dopt=Abstract ER -